Electronics and Communications Engineering
Engineering  First Year
1st Term of 1st Year (1/1)
First Year B.Tech
Course No.  Subject Name  (LT)P  Credits 

EC1101 
Network AnalysisNetwork Analysis Subject Code:EC1101
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
Upon completion of course the student
RLC Parameters, Voltage and Current Independent and Dependent Sources, Source Transformation  VI relationship for Passive elements, Kirchhoff's Laws, Network reduction techniques  series, parallel, series parallel, startodelta, deltatostar transformation, Nodal Analysis UNIT II: DC TRANSIENTS DC Transients: RL, RC and RLC, Laplace transforms and their adaptation to networks UNIT III: SINGLE PHASE AC CIRCUITS Single Phase AC Circuits  R.M.S. and Average values, Form Factor, steady state analysis of series, Parallel and Series parallel Combinations of R, L and C with Sinusoidal excitation, concept of reactance, Impedance, Susceptance and Admittance  phase and phase difference, Concept of Power Factor, jnotation, complex and Polar forms of representation. UNIT IV: RESONANCE and NETWORK THEOREMS Resonance  Series resonance and Parallel resonance circuits, concept of bandwidth and Q factor, Locus Diagrams for RL, RC and RLC Combinations for Various Parameters. Network Theorems  The venin's, Norton's, Maximum Power Transfer, Superposition, Reciprocity, Tellegen's, Millman's and Compensation theorems for DC and AC excitations. UNIT V: TWO PORT NETWORKS and GRAPH THEORY Two port networks: Z, Y, h and ABCD parameters Graphs: Paths, connectedness, circuits, cutsets, trees; Matrix representation of directed graphs: incidence, cutset and circuit matrices; Methods of analysis of linear networks: nodalcutsetmesh and loopanalysis. Transfer functions: poles and zeros; Elements of Filter Theory. TEXT BOOKS:
REFERENCE BOOKS:

400  4 
PH1001 
Engineering PhysicsEngineering Physics Subject Code:PH1001
LTPC: 4004
Objectives:
Course Outcomes:
UNIT  I MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS (3)
UNIT  II ELECTRODYNAMICS (6) 2.1. Maxwell's Equations Electrodynamics before Maxwell, Fixing of Ampere's Law, Maxwell Equation in matter, Boundary Conditions. 2.2. Poynting theorem and conservation lawsContinuity Equation, Poynting Theorem, Conservation Law Newton Third law in Electrodynamics 2.3 Wave equationWave equation, wave form Boundary conditions, Reflection and Transmission for a string 2.4. Electro Magnetic Waves in vacuumWave equation for E and B, Monochromatic Plane Waves, Energy and Momentum in EM Waves in vacuum 2.5. Electro Magnetic waves in MatterPropagation in Linear Media, Reflection and Transmission at Normal Incidence Oblique Incidence 2.6. EM wave in conducting surface.Reference Books : 1. Electrodyamics by David j.Griffiths UNIT  III OPTICS (12) 3.1. Interference by division of wave front (Biprism) Introduction , Interference of Light Waves, Interference Pattern , Intensity Distribution,Fresnel Biprism 3.2 Interference by division of amplitude (Newton's rings)Interference by Plane parallel Wave, Cosine Law, Interference by a film with NonParallel reflecting surface, Wedge, Newton's Rings. 3.3. Michelson's interferometerInterference by Plane film illuminated by a point source, Michelson's Interferometer. 3.4 Fraunhoffer diffration (Single slit)Introduction, Types of Diffraction,Single Slit Frauhoffer Diffraction, Position of Maxima and Minima,Graphical Method for determining roots 3.5. Frauhoffer diffraction Double slit & multiple slitsDouble slit Fraunhoffer diffraction by N Parallel slits 3.6. Diffraction Gratings, Grating and Resolving PowerDiffraction Grating, Construction of Grating, Grating Spectrum, Resolution, Resolving Power of a diffraction Grating 3.7. Fresnel diffraction and Zone PlateTypes of Diffraction, Fresnel diffraction, Fresnel Half Period zones, Zone plate Application of Zone, Lens 3.8. Production of Plane Polarised light & double refractionIntroduction , Polarisation of Light waves, Representation of various types of light,Polarization by Reflection,Brewster's Law, Laws of Malus and proof, Geometry of Calcite Crystal, Double Refraction, Nicol's Prism, Applications. 3.9. Quarter & Half  wave plate, elliptical & circular polarized lightsHuygen's Theory of Double Refraction, Quarter Wave plate, Half Wave Plate, Elliptically and Circularly Polarised light. 3.10 Production & detection of elliptical & circular Polarised lightsElliptically polarised Light, Circularly polarised light, Conversion of Elliptically polarized light to Circularly polarised light, Analysis of polarized light of Different Kinds. 3.11 Theory of LaserIntroduction, Spontaneous Emission, Stimulated Emission, Relation between Spontaneous and Stimulated emission Probabilities, Population Inversion, Pumping, Active systems. 3.12 Different kinds of LasersRuby laser Working Semiconductor laser,HeNe laser ,Application of Laser. Reference Books :1. Engineering Physics By Malik and Singh 2. Optics by Ajoy Ghatak 3. Optics by Pedrotti and Pedrotti. UNIT  IV QUANTUM MECHANICS (6) 4.1 Failures of classical physics Limitations of classical physics, Blackbody Radiation, Spectral Lines, Photoelectric Effect, Planck's Quantum Hypothesis, Einstein's Theory of photoelectric Effect, Compton effect, Existence of stationary states, SternGerlach Experiment 4.2 DeBroglie waves & Uncertainity PrincipleIntroduction, Matter waves Electron Diffraction Experiment Standing waves of an electron in orbit, Uncertainity Principle Single Slit Experiment, Application of Uncertainty Principle. 4.3 Wave function, Schrodinger Equation & probablity interpretationTime Dependent Schrodinger Equation ,1 D Equation for a free particle, extension to 2D, Inclusion of forces, Probability current Density 4.4 Operators , expectation values & Time independent Schrodinger EquationOperators ,Expectation Value, Ehrenfest Theorem, time independent schrodinger Equation and Admissibility Conditions on Wave function. 4.5 Solution for generalised potentialMotion of a particle in a Potential  Classical view . 4.6 Particle in a boxSquare well potential with Rigid walls, Energies and Wave functions Reference Books:1. Modern Physics by A. Beiser 2. Quantum Mechanics by Aruldhas. UNIT  V CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS (6) 5.1. CRYSTALLOGRAPHYI Introduction, Crystal ,Single, poly and Amorphous state, Lattice Points and Space Lattice, Unit cell, Primitive Unit Cell in 2D ,Nonprimitive Unit Cell in 2D lattice ,Primitive unit cell in 3D ,Non Primitive unit cell in 3D,Bravais Lattice and crystal systems, Atomic Packing, Crystal structure 5.2. CrystallographyIIMiller Indices, Positions, Directions, Planes Obtaining Miller indices, Important Cubic crystal structures, SC, BCC, FCC, Closed Packed structures, Packing fraction, NaCl Structure, Diamond , ZnS Structure. 5.3. Xray diffractionIntroduction, Bragg's Law, Diffraction Direction Experimental Methods of xRay Diffraction, Powder method Debye  Scherrer Method Measurement of Bragg Angle 5.4. Defects in crystalsIntroduction, Classification of Imperfections, Point Defects, vacancies, Schottky defects, Intersitial, Frenkel defects, Impurities, Colour centres, Line defect Planar Defects, Volume Defects, Thermodynamical consideration for Existence of Defect equilibrium concentration of Schottky defects in metals, Equilibrium concentration of schottky defects in Ionic crystals, Frenkel defect in metals, Frenkel defects in ionic crystals 5.5. Electron theory of metalsImportant properties of metals, electron theory of solids, classical free elecrtron theory, DC Electrical Conductivity, Gains of Drude Model, Sommerfeld quantum Model, Fermi Energy, Density of Energy States, carrier Concentration, Drawbacks of Sommerfeld Theroy 5.6. Band theory of solidsIntroduction, Formation of Energy Bands in Crystals, Characteristics, Bonding, Classification, Intrinsic and Extrinsic Semiconductors, Band structure, Energy Bands, Fermi Level and Fermi Energy, Carrier Concentration, Density of electrons in Conduction band, Position of Fermi level, Hall Effect, Applications Reference Books:1. Solid state Physics by Dekker 2. Solid state Physics By C.Kittel 
400  4 
MA1101 
MathematicsIMathematicsI Subject Code: MA1101
LTPC: 4004
Objectives:
Course Outcomes: At the end of the course student will be able to
Sequence: Definition of sequence, convergence, limit of a sequence, divergence, oscillation, bounded and monotonic sequences, Bounded sequences, Sandwich theorem, Algebra of limits, L'Hospital Rule in sequences, subsequences and its limit. Series: Infinite series, partial sum, convergence, divergence, oscillation, Geometric series, Telescoping series, Algebra of Limits,n^{th} term test, Comparison test, Comparison test (Limit Form), Integral test, D'Alembert's Ratio test, Cauchy's Root test, Alternating series, Leibnitz's Rule, Absolute convergence, Conditional convergence, Power series, Radius of convergence for a power series. UNITII Differential calculus: Rolle's theorem, Lagrange's mean value theorem, Cauchy's Meanvalue theorem, Taylor's Theorem and Expansion, Maclaurin's Theorem and Expansion, Indeterminate forms and application of L'Hospital Rule. Radius of curvature, Envelope, Increasing and decreasing functions, concavity, convexity and point of inflexion, AsymptotesCurve Tracing(Sketching) UNITIII Functions of Several Variable Calculus: Definition of continuity and differentiability in single variable, ndimensional Euclidean space, Neighborhood of a point in ndimensional Euclidean space, Functions in nvariables, Functions in 2 & 3 variables, Interior points, Boundary points, open and closed regions, Limit and continuity, Twopath test, Discontinuities, Partial Differentiation, Clairaut's theorem(for mixed Partial Derivatives), Laplace equation, Homogeneous functions , Euler's theorem for Homogeneous functions, Differentials and derivatives, Derivatives of composite functions, Chain Rule, Jacobians, Taylor's Theorem, Maxima and minima, Lagrange's method of multipliers. UNITIV: Fourier Series: Definition of Fourier Series, Fourier Series representation of function, Limit of Convergence of Fourier Series, Even & Odd functions, Gibb's Phenomenon, Sine and Cosine Series, Limit of Convergence of Sine & Cosine Series. Integration and Differentiation of Fourier Series, Bessel's Inequalities, Parseval's Theorem. UNITV Numerical Methods: Introduction: True value, Approximate Value, Error, Error percentage, Application of Numerical Analysis in various fields. Numerical Analysis in solving Algebraic equations: Algebraic equations, Transcendental equations, Bisection Method, Regula Falsi Method, NewtonRaphson Method. Numerical Integration: Trapezoidal Rule, Simpson 1/3 Rule, Simpson 3/8 Rule Text Books: 1. Thomas Calculus, Maurice D.Wier, Joel Hass Eleventh Edition, Pearson Education ,2008 2. R.K. Jain & S.R.K.Iyengar, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Third Edition, Narosa publications, 2007. 3. Erwin Kreyszig, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 8th Edition, John Wiley & Sons Ltd 2006. Suggested References: 1. B.S. Grewal and J.S. Grewal, "Higher Engineering Mathematics",(40th Edition), Khanna Publishers,2007 2. S.S. Sastry ,Introductory Methods of Numerical Analysis ,Third Edition, Prentice Hall India 
400  4 
CS1101 
Programming in CProgramming in C Subject Code:CS1101
LTPC: 4004
Prerequisites
This course starts from the basics of computers and program development
Introduction to Computer Programming: Computing Environments, Computer Languages, Creating and Running Programs. Algorithms and Flow charts : Definition of Algorithms, examples, Symbols used in Flow chart, examples. Introduction to C Language  Background, C Identifiers, Data Types, Operators, Variables, Constants, Input / Output, Expressions, C Programs, Precedence and Associativity, Evaluating Expressions, Type Conversion, Statements, Bitwise Operators. UNITII Selection: Logical Data and Operators, ifelse, switch Statements, Standard Functions. Repetition: loops, while, for, dowhile statements, Loop examples, break, continue, go to. Arrays  Concepts, Using Arrays in C, Array Applications, Two Dimensional Arrays, Multidimensional Arrays, Linear and Binary Search, Selection, Bubble, Insertion Sorts. UNIT  III Functions: Designing Structured Programs, Functions Basics, User Defined Functions, Inter Function Communication, Standard Functions, Scope, Storage Classesauto, Register, Static, Extern, Scope Rules, and Type Qualifiers. Recursion Recursive Functions, Preprocessor Commands. Strings  Concepts, C Strings, String Input / Output Functions, Arrays of Strings, String Manipulation Functions. UNIT  IV Pointers  Introduction, Pointers to Pointers, Compatibility, void Pointers, Arrays and Pointers, Pointer constants, Pointers and Strings, Pointers to Functions, Point ers to Constant Objects, Constant Pointers, Pointer Arithmetic.Callbyreference: Pointers for InterFunction Communication, Passing Arrays to a Function.Dynamic Memory Allocation: Memory Allocation Functions, Programming Applications, Commandline Arguments. UNIT  V The Type Definition (type def), Enumerated Types Structure: Definition and Initialization of Structures, Accessing Structures, Nested Structures, Arrays of Structures, Structures and Functions, Pointers to Structures, Self Referential Structures, Unions. Input and Output: Files, Streams, Standard library Input Output Functions, Character Input Output Functions. Suggested References:

400  4 
HS1001 
English for CommunicationEnglish for Communication Subject Code:HS1001
LTPC: 4003
Objectives:
Students will be able
A Road Not Taken by Robert Frost: Understanding the Poem Importance of the poem  Figures of Speech Simile Metaphor Alliteration Onomatopoeia  Invictus (2009) UNITII Phonetics: Commonly Mispronounced Words  Consonants  Vowels  Voiced & voiceless  BBC Phonetic Transcription  Syllabification  Word Stress  Tongue Twisters  The King's Speech (2010)  My Fair Lady (1968) UNITIII What's Up? An Excerpt from The Hindu (September 29, 2015)  Binomials and Portmanteau  Common errors in English Usage UNITIV Malala's Speech: An Excerpt from www.noble.org (10 December 2014): SelfIntroduction  One Word Substitutes  Homophones, Homonyms and Homographs  Debate  Group Discussion  Girl Rising (2013) UNITV The Nightingale and the Rose by Oscar Wilde:  Skimming and Scanning  Dialogue writing: Seeking Permission, Requesting, and Interrupting  Tangled (2010) UNIT VI Anand's Super 30 for IIT  JEE : An Excerpt from The India Today (July 11,15): Letter Writing  Formal Letter  Informal Letter  Notice Writing  Email writing  Freedom Writers (2007) UNIT VII Education and Technology  Burj Khalifa : www.natgeotv.com : Burj Khalifa (Documentary Video) JAM/PPT Presentations  Essay Writing UNIT VIII A Missile Man  Dr. APJ Kalam: An Excerpt from The Hindu (Sept 25, 2006)  Interviews  Curriculum Vitae or Resume preparation  I am Kalam (2010) FURTHER STUDIES (SELF STUDY): UI: Capitalization, Punctuation (commas, full stop, inverted marks)  UII: Words often Confused, Affixes (Prefixes and Suffixes), Commonly Mispronounced Words, Tongue Twisters  UIII: Articles  Prepositions, Spotting the Error  UIV: Index Grammar (Additional Information) Tenses  UV: Active and Passive, Direct and Indirect Speech  UVI: Understanding the rules of spelling Part1&2  UVII: Commonly Used Phrasal Verbs & Idioms  UVIII: Antonyms and synonyms Suggested References:
Web sources:
For Literature:

400  3 
EC1701 
Network Analysis LabNetwork Analysis Lab Subject Code:EC1701
LTPC: 0032
Course Objectives
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS:

003  2 
PH1601 
Engineering Physics LabEngineering Physics Lab Subject Code:PH1601
LTPC: 0022
COURSE OBJECTIVES:

003  2 
CS1701 
Programming in CLabProgramming in CLab Subject Code:CS1701
LTPC: 0032
Objectives:
Suggested assignments to be conducted on a 3hour slot. It will be conducted in tandem with the theory course so that the topics for problems given in the lab are already initiated in the theory class. The topics taught in the theory course should be appropriately sequenced for synchronization with the laboratory. A sample sequence of topics and lab classes for the topic are given below:
For the detailed list of programs refer the lab manual. Note: Any experiment according to the syllabus of CS1101 can be substituted 
003  2 
HS1101 
Communication SkillsICommunication SkillsI Subject Code:HS1101
LTPC: 2001
Course Objectives:
Course Outcomes: Students will be able to:
Unit I  Introduction to communication Introduction  Importance of Communication Skills  Definition  Scope and Nature  Verbal and Nonverbal communication Unit II  Reading Skills Reading Comprehension of unseen passage  Prose  News Paper Reading and Analysis (Editorial) Unit III  Grammar
Developing Professional vocabulary  Using Dictionary: Spelling  Grammar and Usage Unit V  Composition Paragraph  Essay  Expansion  Describing the Pictures  Giving Directions  Situational Dialogue writing  Social and Professional Etiquette  Telephone Etiquette Suggested References:

200  1 
Total load and Credits  2209  26 
2nd Term of 1st Year (2/1)
Course No.  Subject Name  (LT)P  Credits 

EE1201 
Electrical technologyElectrical technology Subject Code:EE1201
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
Three phase EMF generation, delta and Y connections, line and phase quantities, solution of three phase circuits, balanced supply voltage and balanced load, phasor diagram, measurement of power in three phase circuits, Three phase four wire circuits UNIT II: TRANSFORMERS Magnetic Circuits : Ampere's circuital law, B H curve, solution of magnetic circuits, hysteresis and eddy current losses, relays, an application of magnetic force, basic principles of stepper motor. Transformers : Construction, EMF equation, ratings, phasor diagram on no load and full load, equivalent circuit, regulation and efficiency calculations, open and short circuit tests, autotransformers. UNIT III: INDUCTION MOTORS The revolving magnetic field, principle of orientation, ratings, equivalent circuit, Torquespeed characteristics, starters for cage and wound rotor type induction motors. UNIT IV: DC MACHINES Construction, EMF and Torque equations, Characteristics of DC generators and motors, speed control of DC motors and DC motor starters. UNIT V: ELECTRICAL MEASURING INSTRUMENTS DC PMMC instruments, shunt and multipliers, multimeters, Moving iron ammeters and voltmeters, dynamometer, wattmeter, AC watthour meter, extension of instrument ranges. TEXT BOOKS:

400  4 
CY1001 
Engineering ChemistryEngineering Chemistry Subject Code:CY1001
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
Phase Rule: Terminology, One component system (H2O system and CO2  system), two components system, Simple eutectic system ( Pb  Ag ), system with congruent melting point (Zn  Mg), system with incongruent melting point (Na2SO4 H2O), Cooling curves. Catalysis: Mechanism of catalytic reactions: catalyst definition, characteristics and types of catalysis, theories of catalysis, intermediate compound formation theory with examples and mechanism, drawbacks of intermediate compound formation theory, adsorption or contact theory with examples and mechanisms, enzyme catalysis, characteristics and mechanism of enzyme catalysis, concepts of promotors, inhibitors, and poisioners. Unit 2: Spectroscopy Introduction to spectroscopy, electromagnetic radiations, different types of spectroscopy, principle of spectroscopy, spectrophotometer Microwave spectroscopy: principle, microwave spectra of diatomic molecules, selection rules for microwave spectra, applications of microwave spectroscopy: determination of bond length, dipole moment measurement, determination of isotopic mass of an element. Infrared spectroscopy: introduction and principles of IR, types of vibrations: bending and stretching, Hooke's law for stretching vibrations, characteristic frequencies of common functional groups, IR instrumentation, interpretation and applications of IR spectrum with examples. Ultraviolet spectroscopy: Introduction and principle of UV spectroscopy, color interpretation with VBT and MOT, types of electronic transitions, selection rules, chromophores and auxochromes with examples, conjugation effect, absorption and intensity shifts, applications of UV spectroscopy. Unit 3: Electrochemistry Types of electrodes: introduction, metalmetal ion electrodes, metalinsoluble saltanion electrodes, calomel electrode, gasion electrodes, hydrogen and chlorine electrodes, oxidationreduction electrodes, amalgam electrodes. Types of cells: classification into chemical and concentration cells, chemical cells with transference and without transference, classification of concentration cells into electrolyte and electrode concentration cells, electrolyte concentration cells with and without transference, amalgam and gas concentration cells, examples for these cells. EMF and applications of EMF: determination of pH, determination of the valency of the ions, potentiometric titrations. pH: definition of pH and determination of pH by various methods, acidbase titrations. Thermodynamic data: enthalpy and entropy of cell reactions, GibbsHelmholtz equation and applications. Unit 4: Corrosion and its prevention Mechanism of Dry and wet corrosion (rusting of iron), Types of corrosion, galvanic corrosion, differential aeration corrosion, stress corrosion. Factors affecting corrosion, preventive measures (proper design, Cathodic and Anodic protection, Electroplating , tinning, galvanization). Unit 5: Chemical kinetics Complex reactions: definition and classification of complex reactions, definition of reversible reactions with examples, rate law derivation for reversible reactions. Consecutive reactions: definition, rate law derivation and examples of consecutive reactions. Parallel reactions: definition, rate law derivation and examples of parallel reactions. Steadystate approximation: introduction, kinetic rate law derivation by applying steady state approximation in case of the oxidation of NO and pyrolysis of methane. Chain reactions: introduction, types and mechanism of chain reactions, stationary and nonstationary chain reactions with examples, deriving the kinetic rate equation using a general chain reaction. Photochemical reactions: introduction, StarkEinstein law of photochemical equivalence, photophysical processes: IC, ISC, fluorescence and phosphorescence with examples, kinetic rate law derivation incase of photochemical decomposition of HI and photochemical combination of H2 and Br2. Unit 6: Engineering Materials Polymers: Types of polymerization (chain & step growth). Plastics: Thermoplastic & Thermo setting resins; preparation, properties, engineering applications of PVC, Teflon and Bakelite. Conducting polymers: polyacetylene, polyaniline, mechanism of conduction, doping; applications of conducting polymers. Cement: composition of portland cement, setting & hardening of cement (reactions). Lubricants: Classification with examplesCharacteristics of a good lubricant & mechanism of lubrication (thick film, thin film and extreme pressure) properties of lubricants: viscosity, cloud point, flash and fire points. Refractories: Classification, characteristics of a good refractory and applications. Nanomaterials: Introduction, preparation by solgel & chemical vapour deposition methods, applications of nanomaterials. REFERENCE BOOKS:

400  4 
MA1201 
Mathematics  IIMathematics  II Subject Code:MA1201
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
At the end of the course student will be able to
Linear Algebra:System of Linear equations ,Vector spaces, Subspaces, Linear combination of vectors, linear dependence and independence of vectors, Basis and Dimension of Vector Space. Linear transformations, Range and Kernel of Linear Transformations, RankNullity theorem. Matrix representations of Linear Transformation.Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of a Linear Transformation and their properties , Cayley  Hamilton Theorem, Hermitian and skew Hermitian matrices. Quadratic forms, reduction of quadratic form to canonical form by orthogonal transformation UNITII Ordinary Differential Equations of first order:Exact first order differential equation, finding integrating factors, linear differential equations, Bernoulli's , Riccati , Clairaut's differential equations, finding orthogonal trajectory of family of curves, Newton's Law of Cooling, Law of Natural growth or decay. UNITIII Ordinary Differential Equations of higher order:Linear dependence and independence of functions, Wronskian of n functions to determine Linear Independence and dependence of functions, Solutions of Second and higher order differential equations (homogeneous & nonhomogeneous) with constant coefficients, Method of variation of parameters, EulerCauchy equation. UNITIV Integral Calculus : Convergence of improper integrals, tests of convergence, Beta and Gamma functions  elementary properties, differentiation under integral sign, differentiation of integrals with variable limits  Leibnitz rule. Rectification, double and triple integrals, computations of surface and volumes, change of variables in double integrals  Jacobians of transformations, integrals dependent on parameters  applications. UNITV Vector Calculus : Scalar and vector fields, level surfaces, directional derivative, Gradient, Curl, Divergence, Laplacian, line and surface integrals, theorems of Green, Gauss and Stokes. Text Books:

40  4 
CS1201 
Scripting LanguagesScripting Languages Subject Code:CS1201
LTPC: 4003
Prerequisites
Python  IntroductionVariables, Strings, numbers, comments, Lists introducing list, lists and looping, common list operations, removing items from list, numerical lists, list comprehensions, strings as lists, tuples, file I/O, functions, conditional statements and iterative statements. UNIT II Python  Dictionaries, common operations with dictionaries, looping through dictionaries, nesting, classes, inheritance, modules and classes, exceptions and testing. Exceptions, sorting, introduction to standard libraries, building a Search Engine using all the above concepts. UNITIII Perl  Data types, scalar functions, Quoting Basics, Functions, Control Structures, Inputs, Error Handling. UNITIV Perl  File input output, text processing functions, Hashes, DBM Databases, Regular Expressions. UNIT V HTML  Styles, links, images, Static and Dynamic pages, Paragraphs and Fonts, Lists, CSS introduction, Introduction to HTML5 and semantics. PHP  Loops, String Functions, Email function, Data and time, Image Uploading, Error Handling. TEXT BOOKS:

40  3 
HS1201 
Communication Skills IICommunication Skills II Subject Code:HS1201
LTPC: 2001
Course Objectives:
The learners will be able to:
Reading Skills  Importance  Definition Types Techniques and strategies UNIT II Punctuation  Use of Capital Letters Unit III  Vocabulary
Unit IV  Writing Skills Creative writing  Story Writing  Precise  Letter writing Unit V  Listening Listening Skills  Academic Listening  Listening to Talks and Presentations  Note Taking References:

200  1 
CE1601 
Engineering DrawingEngineering Drawing Subject Code:CE1601
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
UNITI Plane curves and free hand sketching: Basic Geometrical constructions, Curves used in engineering practices: Conics  Construction of ellipse, parabola and hyperbola by eccentricity method  Construction of cycloid  construction of involutes of square and circle  Drawing of tangents and normal to the above curves, Scales: Construction of Diagonal and Vernier scales. Visualization concepts and Free Hand sketching: Visualization principles  Representation of three Dimensional objects  Layout of views Free hand sketching of multiple views from pictorial views of objects UNIT II Projection of points, lines and plane surfaces:Orthographic projection principles Principal planes First angle projectionprojection of points. Projection of straight lines (only First angle projections) inclined to both the principal planes  Determination of true lengths and true inclinations by rotating line method and traces  Projection of planes (polygonal and circular surfaces) inclined to both the principal planes by rotating object method UNITIII Projection of solids: Projection of simple solids like prisms, pyramids, cylinder, cone and truncated solids when the axis is inclined to one of the principal planes by rotating object method and auxiliary plane method. UNITIV Projection of sectioned solids and development of surfaces: Sectioning of above solids in simple vertical position when the cutting plane is inclined to the one of the principal planes and perpendicular to the other  obtaining true shape of section. Development of lateral surfaces of simple and sectioned solids  Prisms, pyramids cylinders and cones. Development of lateral surfaces of solids with cutouts and holes UNIT V Isometric and perspective projections: Principles of isometric projection  isometric scale Isometric projections of simple solids and truncated solids  Prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones combination of two solid objects in simple vertical positions and miscellaneous problems. Perspective projection of simple solidsPrisms, pyramids and cylinders by visual ray method. Computer aided drafting (demonstration only) Introduction to drafting packages and demonstration of their use. Suggested Readings:

400  4 
EE1801 
Electrical Technology LabElectrical Technology Lab Subject Code:EE1801
LTPC: 0032
List of Experiments:

40  4 
HS1601 
English For Communication LabEnglish For Communication Lab Subject Code:HS1601
LTPC: 0022
Course Objectives:
Grammar Adjectives  Comparatives and Superlatives  Adverbs  Countable and Uncountable Nouns  Pronouns  Simple present  Present continuous  Simple past Conjunctions  Prepositions  Plurals  Articles a, an, the  Infinitive or ing  Questions and Negatives 1  Questions and Negatives 2 UNIT II Pronunciation  Pill/Fill  Buy/My  Tie/Die  Ship/Chip  Yet/ Jet  Game/ Came  Wail/Veil  Think/Sink  There/Dare  Price/ Prize  Asia/ Hard  Ran/Rang  Right/Light  Ship/Sheep  Head/Had Schwa  Luck/ Look  Hat/Heart  But/Boot  Who/ Her  Pot/Port  Hair/ Hear  Pay/Pie  Boy/Buy  Know/ Now UNITIII Writing  Writing a Thank You Letter  Writing about your life  Writing Instructions  Writing a Story  Writing an Essay  Writing a Business Letter  Writing a Film Review  Writing a Biography  Writing a Complaint Letter  Writing a Covering Letter  Writing a Pen friend Post  Writing about a Special Day  Writing an Email of Apology  Writing a Short Report  Writing a Post Card UNITIV Reading  The diamond thief  The guru and sweets  Taking a course  Reading a story  Using a dictionary  Making a journey  Reading a newspaper  Making friends  Reading an email  Finding information  A pen friend letter  The doctor says\85 Choosing a holiday  Struck by lightning  Health matters :Yoga UNIT V Listening  What shall we play?  An exciting weekend  A school outing  The morning assembly  Instructions on planting  Excuse me, can you lend me\85 Manish's summer  Vignesh's hobby  What can I do for you?  What are you doing Ramesh?  I've got a few questions\85 Geetha's day  Anil's new purchase  What are we having tonight?  What is the problem? Suggested Readings:

003  2 
CY1601 
Engineering Chemistry LaboratoryEngineering Chemistry Laboratory Subject Code:CY1601
LTPC: 0032
Course Objectives:
Minimum knowledge on basic synthesis, quantitative and qualitative analysis is being imp

003  2 
Total load and Credits  228  26 
Engineering  Second Year
1st Term of 2nd Year (1/2)
Course No.  Subject Name  (LT)P  Credits 

EC2101 
Electronic CircuitsElectronic Circuits Subject Code:EC2101
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
Introduction to Electronics and Electronic systems, Theory of Semiconductors, pn Junction Diode, Rectifiers: Half Wave Rectifier, Full Wave Rectifier, LEDs, Photo Diodes, Silicon Controlled Rectifier. Unit2:Transistors Bipolar Junction Transistor, Transistor in CB and CE Configurations, Junction Field Effect Transistor, JFET Characteristics, MOSFET, Biasing of Transistors, Biasing of JFET. Unit3:Amplifiers and Transister models Introduction to Amplifiers, Transistor Re Model, Transistor h parameter model, BJT Small Signal Analysis, JFET Signal Analysis, feedback Amplifiers, Phase Shift Oscillators, Wein Bridge Oscillators Unit4:Operational Amplifiers Differential Amplifiers, operational amplifiers, applications of operational amplifiers:, Constant Gain Multiplier , Voltage Summing , Voltage Buffer , Controller Sources, Instrumentation Circuits ,Active Filters . Unit5:Digital Electronics: Logic gates, realization of logic gates, flipflops, registers and counters. TEXT BOOKS:
REFERENCE BOOKS:

400  4 
EC2102 
Semiconductor DevicesSemiconductor Devices Subject Code:EC2102
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
Evolution of semiconductor technology, Types of semiconductors (intrinsic & Extrinsic), mass action law, Concept of fermilevel, carrier transport phenomena: Carrier drift, Carrier diffusion, Einstein relation, hall effect. UNIT II:Diodes: Basic structure of pnjunction, operation of pndiode, non uniformly doped pnjunctions, small signal model of pnjunction, GenerationRecombination currents, Junction breakdowns, diode transients, Tunnel diode, Impatt diode. UNIT III:BJT: Basic BJT action: Principle of operation, modes of operation, Amplification with BJT. Non ideal effects of BJT: Base width modulation, Emitter band gap narrowing, non uniform base doping, breakdown voltage. UNIT IV: MOSFET: CV characteristics of MOSFET, The MOSFET operation: MOSFET structure, currentvoltage relationship (Mathematical), substrate bias effects, small signal equivalent model, short channel & narrow channel effects, Radiation and hot electron effect. UNIT V:Optical devices: Photo detectors, Photoluminescence ,Electroluminescence ,Led and laser TEXT BOOKS:

400  4 
EC2103 
Signals and SystemsSignals and Systems Subject Code:EC2103
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
Classification of signals, Continuoustime signals and systems, signal characteristics; common signals, random signals, systems, and applications UNIT  II:Signal parameters and Continuous LTI systems: Signal parameters, The representation of signal in terms of impulses, LTI properties of continuoustime systems, impulse response, convolution, linear constant coefficient differential equations UNIT  III:Fourier series and Fourier Transforms Fourier series, Fourier and Laplace transforms, spectrum, statistical description of random signals, Properties of auto and crosscorrelation, Ensemble averages, signal simulation. UNIT  IV:Filter designing System analysis, frequency response, Properties of power spectral density, analog filters, analog filter design, Butterworth filters, filtering of deterministic and random signals, system simulation, Statespace analysis for continuoustime systems . UNIT  V:Discrete time signals and systems Discretetime signals and systems, sampling, convolution, difference equations and digitization. TEXT BOOKS:
REFERENCES:

400  4 
EC2104 
Electromagnetic theoryElectromagnetic theory Subject Code:EC2104
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
Unit  I: Maxwell's equations, displacement current, equation of continuity, boundary conditions. Unit  II: Propagation of uniform plane waves in perfect dielectric and in lossy medium, polarization and poynting vector, reflection, refraction, phase and group velocities. Unit  III: Transmission line: evaluation of line parameters, design concepts, cutoff frequency, attenuation, dispersion, power handling capacity. Unit  IV: Travelling waves, standing waves, Smith chart and matching techniques, pulse propagation. Unit  V: Radiation concept: elementary dipole, half wave dipole, radiation patterns, gain, pattern multiplication, basic antenna types. TEXT BOOKS:
REFERENCE BOOKS:

400  4 
BSBE 2001/3001 
Environmental ScienceEnvironmental Science Subject Code:BSBE2001/3001
LTPC: 4003
Course Objectives:
Unit  I Environmental studies: Definition, scope and importance, need for public awareness. Natural resources: Water resources; use and over utilization of surface and ground water, Floods, drought, conflicts over water, damsbenefits and problems. Effects of modern Agriculture, fertilizerpesticide problems, water logging and salinity. Unit  II Ecosystems: Concept of an ecosystem, structure and function of an ecosystem, producers, consumers and decomposers, energy flow in ecosystem, food chains, ecological pyramids, aquatic ecosystem(ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries). Energy resources: Growing energy needs renewable and nonrenewable energy sources. Land resources.land as resource, land degradation, soil erosion and desertification. Unit  III Biodiversity: Genetic species and ecosystem diversity, biogeographical classification of India. Value of biodiversity, threats to biodiversity, endangered and endemic species of India, conservation of biodiversity. Unit  IV Environmental pollution: Causes, effects and control measures of air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, noise pollution, thermal pollution and solid and liquid waste management. Environment protection act: Air, water, forest and wild life Acts, enforcement of Environmental legislation. Unit  V Social Issues and the Environment:Water conservation, watershed management, and environmental ethics. Climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion. Environmental Disaster management: Types of disasters, impact of disasters on environment, infrastructure, and development. Basic principles of disaster mitigation, disaster management, and methodology, disaster management cycle, and disaster management in India. Suggested readings:

400  3 
HS2101 
Soft Skills  ISoft Skills  I Subject Code:HS2101
LTPC: 2001
Course Objectives:
Aspects of Pronunciation
Critical Appreciation of Selected Poems Unit  V  Essay Writing Opinion Essay  Argumentative Essay  Article Writing  Report Writing REFERENCES:

200  1 
EC2701 
Electronic Circuits LabElectronic Circuits Lab Subject Code:EC2701
LTPC: 0032
Course Objectives:

003  2 
EC2702 
Semiconductor Devices LabSemiconductor Devices Lab Subject Code:EC2702
LTPC: 0032
Course Objectives:

003  2 
EC2901 
SeminarISeminarI Subject Code:EC2901
LTPC: 1001
Course Objectives: Objective of the project seminar is to actively involve the students in preparation of the final year project with regard to following components: The evaluation is purely internal and will be conducted as follows: Preliminary Report on progress of the work and viva  05 marks Final report  05 marks Presentation and Defence before a departmental committee consisting of Head, a senior faculty and supervisor  15 marks 
100  1 
Total load and Credits  2306  25 
2nd Term of 2nd Year (2/2)
Course No.  Subject Name  (LT)P  Credits 

EC2201 
Analog electronic CircuitsAnalog electronic Circuits Subject Code:EC2201
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
Equivalent circuits using transconductance parameter for low and high frequency operation of BJTs and FETs, EbersMoll model view. UNITII:Multistage Amplifiers: Design and analysis of single and multistage amplifiers, wideband and narrowband amplifiers differential amplifiers ; current mirror different configurations, Current source and Current sink. UNITIII:Feedback: Feedback amplifiers, Y feedback, h and g negative feedback, oscillators and waveform generators, timers. UNITIV:Operational Amplifiers: Opamp design: different stages of opampa case study, active filter design, switched capacitor circuits , ADC , DAC. UNITV: Power amplifiers: Class AB/class B pushpull/class C TEXT BOOKS:
 40  4 
EC2202 
Digital Electronic CircuitsDigital Electronic Circuits Subject Code:EC2202
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
Digital & analog signals, Number System, BCD & its arithmetic, Binary, Decimal, Hexadecimal, Negative numbers& its arithmetic, Number base conversions, Octal UNITII: BOOLEAN ALGEBRA&SIMPLIFICATION TECHNIQUES Duality Principals & Canonical Form, KMaps UNITIII: LOGIC GATES All Logic Gates & Implementations UNITIV: COMBINATIONAL LOGICS Adders, Array Multiplier Code Converters, Comparators, Decoders (DeMultiplexers), Encoders, Multiplexers, Parity Generators Checkers,Subtractors UNITV:SEQUENTIAL LOGIC CIRCUITS Asynchronous Circuits, Synchronous Circuits, FlipFlops, Master SlaveOperation FlipFlop, Counters, State Machine, Pattern Identifier TEXT BOOKS:
 40  4 
EE2202 
Linear Control System EngineeringLinear Control System Engineering Subject Code:EE2202
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
Concepts of Control Systems Open Loop and closed loop control systems and their differences Examples of control systems Classification of control systems, FeedBack Characteristics, Effects ofFeedback, Mathematical modeling of physical systems: Differential equation and Transfer functions , Examples of modeling different types (e.g. electrical, mechanical, chemical, biological, social etc.) of systems, Equivalence between the elements of different types of systems. Block diagram algebra Signal flow graph Reduction using Mason's gain formula. UNIT II : CHARACTERIZATION OF SYSTEMS Time Domain Analysis: Standard test signals  Time response of first order systems Characteristic Equation of Feedback control systems, Transient response of second order systems  Time domain specifications, Steady state response  Steady state errors and error constants, Frequency domain response  Transfer function and its interpretation in terms of frequency responses peak and peaking frequency, bandwidth and cutoff rate; Link between time and frequency domain response features. Advantages of closed loop operation: Sensitivity and complementary sensitivity, Disturbance and noise reduction. Effects of proportional, integral, derivative Controls. UNIT  III: STABILITY ANALYSIS IN SDOMAIN The concept of stability  Routh's stability criterion  qualitative stability and conditional stability  limitations of Routh's stability. The root locus concept  construction of root loci and relative stability using rootlocus approach ,effects of adding poles and zeros to G(s)H(s) on the root loci. UNIT  IV: STABILITY ANALYSIS IN FREQUENCY DOMAIN Polar PlotsNyquist PlotsStability Analysis. Bode diagrams Determination of Frequency domain specifications and transfer function from the Bode DiagramPhase margin and Gain marginStability Analysis from Bode Plots. P, PD, PI, PID Controllers and Compensation techniques  Lag, Lead, LeadLag Controllers design in frequency Domain, UNIT  V: STATE SPACE ANALYSIS OF LINEAR CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS Concepts of state, state variables and state model, derivation of state models from block diagrams, Diagonalization Solving the Time invariant state Equations State Transition Matrix and it's Properties. TEXT BOOKS:
 40  4 
MA2203 
Probability Theory and Stochastic ProcessesProbability Theory and Stochastic Processes Subject Code:MA2203
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
Basic concepts of Probability: Random experiment. Sample space.Mutually exclusive events. . Problems based on probability. Properties based on axiomatic definition of probability. Conditional probability.Independent events. Random Variables: Definition of random variables. Properties of discrete and continuous random variables. Definition and properties of probability mass function and probability density function. Definition of cumulative distribution function and its properties for discrete and continuous distributions. Multivariate Distributions:Definition and properties of multivariate distribution (continuous and discrete). Joint probability distributions.Marginal probability distributions.Conditional probability distributions. Mathematical Expectation:Concept of mathematical expectation of functions of random variables and their significance. UNIT II : Discrete Distributions: Properties of various discrete distributions: Binomial, Poisson, Negative Binomial, Geometric, Hypergeometric and Discrete uniform distributions. Continuous Distributions: Properties of various continuous distributions: Uniform, Exponential, Normal, Gamma distributions. Functions of Random Variables: Evaluating probability distribution of functions of random variables using CDF technique. Determination of joint probability distribution of functions of random variables using transformations.Using transformations to evaluate the distribution of functions of random variables. UNIT  III: Moments and MomentGenerating Functions:Moments about origin, Central moments. Moment generating functions of random variables and its properties. Covariance and Correlation: Definition and properties of covariance and correlation. Definition of bivariate normal distributions.Properties of its marginal distributions. Inequalities : Chebychev's inequality, Cauchy Schwarz inequality. Convergence in probability. UNIT  IV: Ordered Statistics: Probability distributions of ordered statistics and their properties. Various types of Convergence of random Variables, Weak law of Large numbers(WLLN), Strong Law of large numbers (SLLN),Central Limit theorem Stochastic Process Definition of Stochastic process, Classification (Discrete & Continuous),Methods of Description of Stochastic Process( First order, distribution,density,2nd order distribution and density),Special classes of Stochastic process, Markov process, Process with independent increaments,Stationary process. Mean Auto Correlation function and its Properties, Auto Covariance function, Strict Sense Stationary, Wide Sense Stationary, Ergodic and Gaussian Random Processes. Cross Correlation and Cross Co variance UNIT  V: Stationary Stochastic Processes, Power spectral density, Examples of speech signals, WienerKinchine theorem, White Noise. Special Stochastic Processes, Poisson Process, Gaussian process, Markov Chains Process depending on stationary Gaussian process. TEXT BOOKS:
 40  4 
CS2201 
Computer Organization & ArchitectureComputer Organization & Architecture Subject Code:CS2201
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
Basic functional blocks of a computer, Basic Functional blocks  CPU, Memory, Inputoutput, Control unit, Instructions and Instruction execution cycle, Instruction set architectureElements of machine instructions, Instruction representation, Instruction types, classification based on number of addresses, Data types, Types of operationsData transfer, Arithmetic, Logical, Conversion, Inputoutput, system, Control and transfer of control operations, Addressing modes, Case study of 8086 instruction set. UNIT II : Data representation and Arithmetic Data Representation: signed number representation, fixed and floating point representations, character representation. Converting between different b it lengths, Integer arithmetic: Negation, integer addition and subtraction, ripple carry adder, carry lookahead adder, etc. multiplication shiftandadd, and Booth multiplier Division nonrestoring and restoring techniques, floating point : floating point representation and floating point arithmetic: Addition, Subtraction, Division, Multiplication UNIT  III: CPU control unit design Micro operations : fetch, indirect, interrupt, execute, Instruction cycle, Control Signals: inputs and outputs, Hard Wired Control Unit, Micro instructions: horizontal and vertical instruction formats, Micro program, Micro programmed control unit, Advantages and Disadvantages of hardwired and Micro programmed control unit Pipelining: Basic concepts of pipelining, throughput and speedup, pipeline hazards UNIT  IV: Inputoutput organization External devices, Input output Interface: I/O Bus and interface Modules, I/O Versus memory Bus, I/O Modules structure and their functions, Modes of Transfer: Programmed I/O, Interrupt driven I/O, Direct Memory Access: DMA Controller and Transfer, DMA Configurations, Privileged and Nonprivileged instructions, Software Interrupts and exceptions, Processor modes: User mode and kernel mode. UNIT  V: Semiconductor main memory & Memory organization Memory Hierarchy, Main Memory: Semiconductor main memory, Organization of memory cell, RAM: DRAM, SRAM and ROM Chips, Memory Connection to CPU. Auxiliary memory: Disks, Read and write mechanisms, Data organization and formatting, Physical Characteristics, Disk performance parameters, Overview of optical discs, Memory Organization: Memory Interleaving, Cache memory, Cache memory principles, Mapping functions: Direct mapping, Associative mapping function,SetAssociative mapping function, Replacement Algorithms, Write policy. Suggested Reading:
 40  4 
BM2201 
PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT 1PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT 1 Subject Code:BM2201
LTPC: 2001
Course Objectives:
After the successful completion of this course, the learner will be able to know:
SWOT Analysis, Who am I, Personality Traits, Importance of Self Confidence, Self Esteem. UNIT IIGOALS SETTINGS Short term , Long term goal settings, SMART concept Diversifying Risk and Optimizing Returns UNIT III Team Dynamics with Interpersonal Skills Team Dynamics, Team Work, Interpersonal Skills Behavioral Skills GD, PI, Body Language Public Speaking, Verbal, Non Verbal Communications . UNIT IVCREATIVITY and Rationality Out of Box thinking, Idea Generation with creativity Brain Storming, Effective group meetings, Rationalization of ideas and way to effective implementation Note: Class room activities coupled with group tasks will be taken depending upon time availability  20  1 
EC2801 
Analog Electronic Circuits LabAnalog Electronic Circuits Lab Subject Code:EC2801
LTPC: 0032
Course Objectives:
 03  2 
EC2802 
Digital Electronic Circuits LabDigital Electronic Circuits Lab Subject Code:EC2802
LTPC: 0032
Course Objectives:
 03  2 
CS2801 
Computer Organization & Architecture LabComputer Organization & Architecture Lab Subject Code:CS2801
LTPC: 0032
This course concentrates on the practical part of Computer Organization by using Assembly language. This course allows students to practice writing programs based on the concepts the will learn through the course by giving the students different types of problems to be solved using an emulator. Course Objectives:
For the detailed list of programs refer the lab manual. Note: Any experiment according to the syllabus of CS2201 can be substituted  03  2 
EC2902 
Seminar  IISeminar  II Subject Code:EC2902
LTPC: 1001
This course concentrates on the practical part of Computer Organization by using Assembly language. This course allows students to practice writing programs based on the concepts the will learn through the course by giving the students different types of problems to be solved using an emulator. Course Objectives:Objective of the project seminar is to actively involve the students in preparation of the final year project with regard to following components: The evaluation is purely internal and will be conducted as follows: Preliminary Report on progress of the work and viva  05 marks Final report  05 marks Presentation and Defence before a departmental committee consisting of Head, a senior faculty and supervisor  15 marks  10  1 
Total load and Credits  239  28 
Engineering  Third Year
1st Term of 3rd Year (1/3)
Course No.  Subject Name  (LT)P  Credits 

EC3101 
Analog communicationsAnalog communications Subject Code:EC3101
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
UNITI: INTRODUCTION Types of information sources, communication channel, Hilbert transform Analytical representation of band pass signals UNITII: MODULATION TECHNIQUES Fundamentals of analog signals transmission, AM, SSB, DSBSC, VSB, Ring modulator, FM, PM UNIT  III: FEEDBACK DEMODULATORS Phase locked loop (PLL), Frequency compressor feedback demodulation, FM receivers UNIT  IV:RANDOM PROCESS Review of probability theory and random process UNIT  V:BHEHAVIOUR OF COMMUNICATION SYSTEM IN THE PRESENCE OF NOISE Performance of AM system in noise, Noise in AM and Angle modulation system, Noise in PM and FM modulation system TEXT BOOKS:
REFERENCES:

400  4 
EC3102 
RF and Microwave EngineeringRF and Microwave Engineering Subject Code:EC3102
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
Distinguishing features of high frequency electromagnetics Phase variation, Coupling, Radiation, Transit time effect, Measurements, etc. UNITII: Basic building blocks of Microwave circuits Transmission Lines, Coupled lines, Resonators, Junctions, etc., Zmatrix, Ymatrix, ABCD matrix, Smatrix, Advantages of Smatrix representation UNITIII: Printed lines& Microwave design UNITIV:Passive Components And Sources: Directional Coupler, Power divider/combiner, Isolator, Circulator, resonator etc. Gunn Oscillator, Klystron Power Supply & TWT UNITV: Applications of microwave engineering And TR Module TEXT BOOKS:
REFERENCES:

400  4 
EC3103 
Digital Signal ProcessingDigital Signal Processing Subject Code:EC3103
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
Discrete signals and Systems in time domain, typical signals, sampling process, discrete time systems(DTS), time domain characterizations of LTI ,DTS classification of LTI, DTS , Discrete time signals in frequency domain DTFT DFT ,computation of DFT, linear convolution using DFT Ztransform UNITII: LTI & DTS in the frequency domain transfer functions, frequency response, simple digital filters, all pass functions, complementary transfer functions, digital two pairs, sampling and reconstruction UNITIII: Digital filter structuresDirect, parallel, cascade ladder and lattice for IIR, possible realizations for FIR including polyphase, all pass structures, tunable filters UNITIV: Digital filter design  IIR using impulse invariant and bilinear transformations, spectral transformations, FIR design using windowing, frequency sampling and computer aids, UNITV: Implementation considerations TEXT BOOKS:
REFERENCES:

400  4 
EC3104 
VLSI EngineeringVLSI Engineering Subject Code:EE3101
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
Introduction to IC Technology  MOS, PMOS, NMOS, CMOS &BiCMOS technologiesOxidation, Lithography, Diffusion, Ion implantation, Metallisation, Encapsulation, Probe testing, Integrated Resistors and Capacitors. Basic Electrical Properties of MOS and BiCMOS Circuits: IdsVds relationships, MOS transistor threshold Voltage, gm, gds, figure of merit o; Pass transistor, NMOS Inverter, Various pull ups, CMOS Inverter analysis and design, BiCMOS Inverters. UNIT II: VLSI CIRCUIT DESIGN PROCESSES VLSI Design Flow, MOS Layers, Stick Diagrams, Design Rules and Layout, 2 m CMOS Design rules for wires, Contacts and Transistors Layout Diagrams for NMOS and CMOS Inverters and Gates, Scaling of MOS circuits, Limitations of Scaling. UNIT III :GATE LEVEL DESIGN Logic Gates and Other complex gates, Switch logic, Alternate gate circuits, Basic circuit concepts, Sheet Resistance RS and its concept to MOS, Area Capacitance Units, Calculations   Delays, Driving large Capacitive Loads, Wiring Capacitances, Fanin and fanout,Choice of layersSUBSYSTEM DESIGN : Subsystem Design, Shifters, Adders, ALUs, Multipliers, Parity generators,Comparators, Zero/One Detectors, Counters, High Density Memory Elements. UNIT IV :SEMICONDUCTOR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DESIGN PLAs, FPGAs, CPLDs, Standard Cells, Programmable Array Logic, Design Approach. VHDL SYNTHESIS : VHDL Synthesis, Circuit Design Flow, Circuit Synthesis, Simulation, Layout, Design capture tools, Design Verification Tools, Test Principles UNIT V:CMOS TESTING CMOS Testing, Need for testing, Test Principles, Design Strategies for test, Chiplevel Test Techniques, Systemlevel Test Techniques, Layout Design for improved Testability. TEXTBOOKS:

400  4 
BM3001/4001 
Managerial Economics and Financial AnalysisManagerial Economics and Financial Analysis Subject Code:BM3001/4001
LTPC: 4003
Course Objective:
After the successful completion of this course, the learner will be able to know:
Definition, Nature and Scope of Managerial EconomicsDemand Analysis: Demand Determinants, Law of Demand and its exceptions. Definition, Types, Measurement and Significance of Elasticity of Demand. Demand Forecasting, Factors governing demand forecasting, methods of demand forecasting. UNIT II: Theory of Production and Cost Analysis: Production Function  Isoquants and Isocosts, MRTS, Least Cost Combination of Inputs. Cobb Douglas Production function, Laws of Returns, Internal and External Economies of Scale. Cost Analysis: Cost concepts, Opportunity cost. Fixed vs. Variable costs, Explicit costs Vs. Implicit costs. Out of pocket costs vs. Imputed costs. Breakeven Analysis (BEA)Determination of BreakEven Point (simple problems) Managerial Significance and limitations of BEA. UNIT III: Markets & Pricing Policies: Market structures: Types of competition, Features of Perfect competition, Monopoly and Monopolistic Competition. PriceOutput Determination in case of Perfect Competition and Monopoly. Objectives and Policies of Pricing Methods of Pricing: Cost Plus Pricing. Marginal Cost Pricing, Sealed Bid Pricing, Going Rate Pricing, Limit Pricing, Market Skimming Pricing, Penetration Pricing. UNIT IV: Introduction to Financial Accounting: Double entry Book Keeping, Journal, Ledger, Trail Balance and Final Accounts (Trading account, Profit and Loss Account and Balance sheet with simple adjustments). UNIT V: Capital and Capital Budgeting: Capital and Capital Budgeting: Capital and its significance. Types of Capital. Estimation of Fixed and Working capital requirements. Methods and sources of raising finance. Nature and scope of capital budgeting, features of capital budgeting proposals. Methods of Capital Budgeting: Payback Method. Accounting Rate of Return (ARR) and Net Present Value Method, Internal Rate of Return (IRR). Reference Books:

400  3 
BM3101 
Personality Development IIPersonality Development II Subject Code:BM3101
LTPC: 2001
Guidelines: Learning approach is based on Real time case studies with class room activities Course Objectives:
After the successful completion of this course, the learner will be able to know:
UNIT IATTITUDE Factors influencing attitude, Challenges and lessons from Attitude, Etiquette and Confidence UNIT IIMOTIVATION Motivation Theories, Factors of motivation, Self talk, Intrinsic & Extrinsic Motivators. Maslow's Motivation Theory, Herzberg theory, Hygiene theory, XY theory. UNIT IIILEADERSHIP Leadership Styles, Skills for a good Leader, Assessment of Leadership Skills. UNIT IV Communication Management, Change Management, Crisis Management Meaning, Types of communication, Barriers to effective communication, using communication skills to manage conflicts. Change Management: Internal, External parameters, Business communication. email writing, Presentations, Report writing , Letters etc\85Feedback System Class room and team activities coupled with group tasks depending upon time availability 
200  1 
EC3701 
Analog communications LabAnalog communications Lab Subject Code:EC3701
LTPC: 0032
Course Objectives:
After completing this lab, students will learn:

003  2 
EC3702 
RF and Microwave Engineering LabRF and Microwave Engineering Lab Subject Code:EC3702
LTPC: 0032
Course Objectives:

003  2 
EC3703 
Digital Signal Processing LabDigital Signal Processing Lab Subject Code:EC3703
LTPC: 0032
Course Objectives:

003  2 
EC3901 
SeminarIISeminarII Subject Code:EC3901
LTPC: 1001
Course Objectives: Objective of the project seminar is to actively involve the students in preparation of the final year project with regard to following components: The evaluation is purely internal and will be conducted as follows: Preliminary Report on progress of the work and viva  05 marks Final report  05 marks Presentation and Defence before a departmental committee consisting of Head, a senior faculty and supervisor  15 marks 
100  1 
Total load and Credits  2309  27 
2nd Term of 3rd Year (2/3)
Course No.  Subject Name  (LT)P  Credits 

EC3201 
Digital CommunicationsDigital Communications Subject Code:EC3201
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
At the end of this course Students will learn:
UNITI: Introduction Introduction to digital signals and systems, spectra and bandwidth. ADconversion and quantization. PCM, LogPCM, DPCM, DM, ADPCM, and LPC for speech signals, timedivision multiplexing, digital hierarchy and standards, basebandtransmission. UNITII: Modulation Techniques Digital modulation and demodulation: binary and MaryASK, FSK, GMSK, PSK, DPSK and their spectra, circuits and systems,carrier recovery, performance of digital modulation systems, dataregenerators and clock recovery, intersymbol interference, equalizers. UNITIII: Random Processes Detection of binary signals in presence of Gaussian noise, Maximumlikelihood receiver, Matched filter, Realization of matched filter, Errorprobability. UNITIV: Information theory: Elements of information theory, Source coding theorem, Discrete memory less channels, Channel capacity, Channel coding theorem,Information capacity theorem. UNITV:Spread spectrum Techniques: Pseudo noise sequences, A Notion of spread spectrum, DSSpread Spectrum, Frequency hopping, synchronization, Jamming. TEXT BOOKS:
 40  4 
EC3202 
Digital System DesignDigital System Design Subject Code:EC3202
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
UNITI: Introduction Introduction to VLSI design, Combinational circuit design, PLD, PAL, Review of Flip Flops, Timing Diagrams. UNITII:RTL CODING Sequential circuit design, MSI implementation of sequential circuits, Design of sequential circuits using one hot controller, Verilog modeling of combinational circuits, Modeling of verilog sequential circuits, Modeling of verilog sequential circuits, RTL coding guidelines, Coding realization  complete realization, Coding realization  complete realization, Writing a test bench UNITIII:ASM CHARTS System design using ASM Chart (BUS ARBITOR), Traffic Light Controller, Examples of System design using ASM Chart, DICE GAME, Micro programmer design. UNITIV:SIMULATION USING MODELSIM Design flow of VLSI circuits, Simulation of combinational circuits, Simulation of combinational circuits, Analysis of waveforms using Modelsim, Analysis of waveforms using Modelsim, Modelsim simulation tool UNITV:SYNTHESIS AND SYNPLIFY TOOLS Synthesis tool, Synplify tool  schematic circuit diagram view, Technology view using Synplify tool, Synopsys tool and parallel cases, Xilinx place and route tool TEXT BOOKS:
 40  4 
EC3203 
Microprocessors & InterfacingMicroprocessors & Interfacing Subject Code:EC3203
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
UNIT I: 8085 and 8086 Architecture: Introduction to 8085 Microprocessor, 8086 ArchitectureFunctional diagram. Register Organization, Memory Segmentation. Programming Mode!. Memory addresses. Physical memory organization. Architecture of 8086, signal descriptions of 8086 common function signals. Minimum and Maximum mode signals. Timing diagrams. Interrupts of 8086. UNIT II: Instruction Set and Assembly Language Programming of 8086: Instruction formats, addressing modes, instruction set, assembler directives, macros, simple programs involving logical, branch and call instructions, sorting, evaluating arithmetic expressions, string manipulations. UNIT III: I/O Interface: 8255 PPI various modes of operation and interfacing to 8086. Interfacing keyboard, display, stepper motor interfacing, D/A and A/D converter. UNIT IV: Interfacing with advanced devices: Memory interfacing to 8086, Interrupt structure of 8086, Vector interrupt table, Interrupt service routine. Introduction to DOS and BIOS interrupts, Interfacing Interrupt Controller 8259 DMA Controller 8257 to 8086. UNIT V: Communication Interface: Serial communication standards, Serial data transfer schemes. 8251 USART architecture and interfacing. RS 232. IEEE488, Prototyping and trouble shooting. TEXT BOOKS:
 40  4 
CS3001 
Object Oriented Programming through JavaObject Oriented Programming through Java Subject Code:CS3001
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
UNIT I: Introduction to OOPS: Paradigms of Programming Languages, Basic concepts of Object Oriented Programming, Differences between Procedure Oriented Programming and Object Oriented Programming, Objects and Classes, Data abstraction and Encapsulation, Inheritance, Polymorphism, Dynamic binding, Message communication, Benefits of OOP , Application of OOPs. Java : History, Java features, Java Environment, JDK, API. Introduction to Java : Types of java program, Creating and Executing a Java program, Java Tokens, Keywords, Character set, Identifiers, Literals, Separator, Java Virtual Machine (JVM), Command Line Arguments, Comments in Java program. UNIT II: Elements: Constants, Variables, Data types, Scope of variables, Type casting, Operators: Arithmetic, Logical, Bit wise operator, Increment and Decrement, Relational, Assignment, Conditional, Special operator, Expressions  Evaluation of Expressions Decision making and Branching: Simple if statement, if, else statement, Nesting if, else, else if Ladder, switch statement, Decision making and Looping: While loop, do, While loop, for loop, break, labelled loop, continue Statement., Simple programs Arrays: One Dimensional Array, Creating an array, Array processing, Multidimensional Array, Vectors, Wrapper classes, Simple programs UNIT III: Strings: String Array, String Methods, String Buffer Class, Simple programs Class and objects: Defining a class, Methods, Creating objects, Accessing class members, Constructors, Method overloading, Static members, Nesting of Methods, this keyword, Command line input, Simple programs Inheritance: Defining a subclass, Deriving a sub class, Single Inheritance, Multilevel Inheritance, Hierarchical Inheritance, Overriding methods, Final variables and methods, Final classes, Finalizer methods, Abstract methods and classes, Visibility Control: Public access, Private access, friend, protected. Interfaces: Multiple Inheritance, Defining interface, Extending interface, Implementing Interface, Accessing interface variables, Simple programs UNIT IV: Packages: Java API Packages, System Packages, Naming Conventions, Creating & Accessing a Package, Adding Class to a Package, Hiding Classes, Programs Applets: Introduction, Applet Life cycle, Creating & Executing an Applet, Applet tags in HTML, Parameter tag, Aligning the display, Graphics Class: Drawing and filling lines, Rectangles, Polygon, Circles, Arcs, Line Graphs, Drawing Bar charts, Programs AWT Components and Even Handlers: Abstract window tool kit, Event Handlers, Event Listeners, AWT Controls and Event Handling: Labels, TextComponent, ActionEvent, Buttons, CheckBoxes, ItemEvent, Choice, Scrollbars, Layout Managers Input Events, Menus, Programs UNIT V: Exception Handling: Limitations of Error handling, Advantages of Exception Handling, Types of Errors, Basics of Exception Handling, try blocks, throwing an exception, catching an exception, finally statement Multithreading: Creating Threads, Life of a Thread, Defining & Running Thread, Thread Methods, Thread Priority, Synchronization, Implementing runnable interface, Thread Scheduling. I/O Streams: File, Streams, Advantages, The stream classes, Byte streams, Character streams. JDBC, ODBC Drivers JDBC ODBC Bridges, Seven Steps to JDBC, Importing java SQL Packages, Loading & Registering the drivers, Establishing connection. Creating &Executing the statement. SUGGESTED REFERENCES:
 40  4 
CS3204 
Computer NetworksComputer Networks Subject Code:CS3204
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
UNIT I: Overview of the Internet: Protocol, Layering Scenario, TCP/IP Protocol Suite: The OSI Model, Internet history standards and administration; Comparioson of the OSI and TCP/IP reference model. Physical Layer: Guided transmission media, wireless transmission media. Data Link Layer:design issues, CRC codes, Elementary Data Link Layer Protocols, sliding window protocol. UNIT II: Multi Access Protocols:ALOHA, CSMA, Collision free protocols, Ethernet Physical Layer, Ethernet Mac Sub layer, data link layer switching & use of bridges, learning bridges, spanning tree bridges, repeaters, hubs, bridges, switches, routers and gateways. UNIT III: Network Layer: Network Layer Design issues, store and forward packet switching connection less and connection oriented networksrouting alhorithmsoptimality principle, shortest path, flooding, Distance Vector Routing, Control to Infinity Problem, Hierarchical Routing, Congestion control algorithms, admission control. UNIT IV: Internetworking:Tunneling, Internetwork Routing, Packet fragmentation, IPv4, IPv6 Protocol, IP addresses, CIDR, IMCP, ARP, RARP, DHCP. Transport Layer: : Services provided to the upper layers elements of transport protocoladdressing connection establishment, connection release, Connection Release, Crash Recovery. UNIT V: The Internet Transport Protocols: UDPRPC, Real Time Transport Protocols, The Internet Transport Protocols Introduction to TCP, The TCP Service Model, The TCP Segment Header, The Connection Establishment, The TCP Connection Release, The TCP Connection Management Modeling, The TCP Sliding Window, The TCP Congestion Control, The future of TCP. Application Layer: Introduction, providing services, Applications layer paradigms, Client server model, Standard clientserver applicationHTTP, FTP, electronic mail, TELNET, DNS, SSH SUGGESTED REFERENCES:
 40  4 
HS3201 
Soft Skills IISoft Skills II Subject Code:HS3201
LTPC: 2001
Course Objectives:
Students will be able:
UNIT I: Activities on Fundamentals of Interpersonal Communication Starting a conversation  responding appropriately and relevantly  using the right body languageRole Play in different situations & Discourse Skills using visuals. UNIT II: Activities on Reading Comprehension General Vs Local comprehension reading for facts guessing meanings from context scanningskimming inferring meaning critical reading  effective googling. UNIT III: Activities on Writing Skills Structure and presentation of different types of writing Resume writing/ ecorrespondence/ Technical report writing planning for writing  improving one's writing. UNIT IV: Activities on Presentation Skills Oral presentations (individual and group) through JAM sessions/seminars/PPTs and written presentations UNIT V: Activities on Group Discussion and Interview Skills Dynamics of group discussion interventionsummarizingmodulation of voicebody languagerelevancefluency and organization of ideas and rubrics for evaluation Concept and processpreinterview planningopening strategiesanswering strategiesinterview through teleconference & videoconferencing  Mock Interviews. SUGGESTED REFERENCES:
 20  1 
EC3801 
Digital Communications LabDigital Communications Lab Subject Code:EC3801
LTPC: 0032
Course Objectives:
After completing this lab, students will learn:
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS:
 03  2 
EC3802 
Digital System Design LabDigital System Design Lab Subject Code:EC3802
LTPC: 0032
Course Objectives:
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS:
 03  2 
CS3601 
OBJECTED ORIENTED PROGRAMMING LABOBJECTED ORIENTED PROGRAMMING LAB Subject Code:CS3601
LTPC: 0032
Course Objectives:
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS:
For the detailed list of programs refer the lab manual. Note: Any experiment according to the syllabus of CS3001 can be substituted  03  2 
EC3000  Comprehensive VivaI  10  1 
EC3902 
SeminarIIISeminarIII Subject Code:EC3902
LTPC: 1001
Course Objectives: Objective of the project seminar is to actively involve the students in preparation of the final year project with regard to following components: The evaluation is purely internal and will be conducted as follows: Preliminary Report on progress of the work and viva  05 marks Final report  05 marks Presentation and Defence before a departmental committee consisting of Head, a senior faculty and supervisor  15 marks  10  1 
Total load and Credits  229  28 
Engineering  Fourth Year
1st Term of 4th Year (1/4)
Course No.  Subject Name  (LT)P  Credits 

EC3900  Internship  6  
EC44XX  ElectiveI  400  3 
EC44XX  ElectiveII  400  3 
EC44XX  ElectiveIII  400  3 
EC44XX  ElectiveIV  400  3 
Free ElectiveI  400  3  
EC4701 
Microprocessor and Microcontroller LabMicroprocessor and Microcontroller Lab Subject Code:EC4701
LTPC: 0032
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS:
 003  2 
EC4702  VLSI Lab  003  2 
Total load and Credits  206  25 
List of Free Electives:
ElectiveI  EC4401 
Wireless CommunicationsWireless Communications Subject Code:EC4401
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
On successful completion of this course, the students should be able to:
UNIT I: Basic Cellular system and its operation: frequency reuse, channel assignment strategies, Handoffprocess, factors influencing handoffs, handoffs in different Generations, Interference and system capacity, Crosstalk, Enhancing capacity and cell coverage, Trunked radio system, grade of service as per Erlang's B system. UNIT II: Propagation models: Free space propagation model, three basic propagation mechanisms, practical linkbudget design using path loss models, outdoor propagation models: Durkin?s model and indoor propagation model, partition losses. Small scale multipath propagation, Parameters of mobile multipathchannels, Diversity reception, types of small scale fading. UNIT III: Multiple Access Techniques: FDMA, TDMA, SSMA, FHMA, CDMA, SDMA. UNIT IV: GSM & CDMA Technologies: GSM: Services and Features, System architecture, Radio Sub system, Channel Types, Frame structure and Signal processing. CDMA: Digital Cellular standard IS95, Forward Channel, Reverse Channel. Introduction to CDMA 2000. UNIT V: Technology Trends &Specifications: WLAN, Bluetooth, PAN, introduction to OFDM in Wireless Communication Trends in Radio and Personal Communications, UMTS system architecture and Radio Interface, Comparison of 1G, 2G, 2.5G and 3G technology, Features of 4G. TEXT BOOKS:

ElectiveI  EC4402 
Coding TheoryCoding Theory Subject Code:EC4402
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
At the end of this course Students will be able to:
UNIT I: Coding for Reliable Digital Transmission and Storage: Introduction, Types of codes, Types of errors, Channels models, Modulation and coding, channel coding Theorem, Channel coding gain. UNIT II: Linear Block codes: Introduction, encoding, syndrome decoding, errordetecting and correcting capabilities, Maximum likelihood decoding.Cyclic codes: Description, encoding and syndrome decoding. UNIT III: Galois Fields: Groups, Fields, Binary arithmetic, Construction of Galois Fields GF(2m), Basic properties of Galois Fields. RS codes: Introduction, encoding and decoding (BerlekampMassey algorithm). UNIT IV: Convolution codes: Introduction, Encoding, State diagram, Trellis diagram, Decoding MaximumLikelihood decoding, soft decision and hard decision decoding, Viterbi algorithm. UNIT V: Turbo codes: Concatenation, Types of Concatenation, interleaving, types of interleavers, Turbo codes: Introduction, encoding and decoding (BCJR Algorithm). TEXT BOOKS:

ElectiveI  EC4403 
Satellite CommunicationsSatellite Communications Subject Code:EC4403
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
At the end of this course Students will be able to:
UNIT I: Communication Satellite Orbit and Description A Brief history of satellite Communication, satellite Frequency Bands, Satellite Systems, Applications, Orbital Period and Velocity, effects of orbital Inclination, Azimuth and Elevation, Coverage angle and slant Range, Eclipse, Orbital Perturbations,Placement of a Satellite in a GeoStationary orbit. UNIT II:: Satellite SubSystems Attitude and Orbit Control system, TT&C subsystem, Attitude Control subsystem,Power systems, Communication subsystems, Satellite Antenna Equipment.Satellite Link: Basic Transmission Theory, System Noise Temperature and G/T ratio, Basic LinkAnalysis, Interference Analysis, Design of satellite Links for a specified C/N, (With and without frequency Reuse), Link Budget. UNIT III:Propagation Effects Introduction, Atmospheric Absorption, Cloud Attenuation, Tropospheric and Ionospeheric Scintillation and Low angle fading, Rain induced attenuation, rain induced cross polarization interference. Multiple Access : Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA) Intermodulation, Calculation of C/N, Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) Frame Structure, Burst Structure, Satellite switched TDMA, Onboard Processing, Demand Assignment Multiple Access (DAMA) Typesof Demand Assignment, Characteristics, CDMA Spread Spectrum Transmission and Reception. UNIT IV:Earth Station Technology Transmitters, Receivers, Antennas, Tracking Systems, Terrestrial Interface,Power Test Methods, Lower Orbit Considerations. Satellite Navigation and Global Positioning Systems:Radio and Satellite Navigation, GPS Position Location Principles, GPS Receivers, GPS C/A Code Accuracy, Differential GPS. UNIT V:Satellite Packet Communications Message Transmission by FDMA: M/G/1 Queue, Message Transmission by TDMA, PURE ALOHASatellite Packet Switching, Slotted Aloha, Packet Reservation, Tree Algorithm. TEXT BOOKS:

ElectiveI  EC4404 
Optical CommunicationsOptical Communications Subject Code:EC4404
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
At the end of this course Students will be able to:
UNIT I: Overview of optical fiber communication Historical development, The general system, advantages of optical fiber communications.Optical fiber wave guides Introduction, Ray theory transmission, Total Internal Reflection,Acceptance angle, Numerical Aperture, Skew rays. Cylindrical fibers Modes, Vnumber, Modecoupling, Step Index fibers, Graded Index fibers.Single mode fibers  Cut off wavelength, Mode Field Diameter, Effective Refractive Index. [2]. Fiber materials  Glass, Halide, Active glass, Chalgenide glass, Plastic optical fibers. UNIT II:Signal distortion in optical fibers Attenuation, Absorption, Scattering and Bending losses, Core and Cladding losses. Information capacity determination, Group delay, Types of Dispersion  Material dispersion, Waveguide dispersion, Polarization mode dispersion, Intermodal dispersion. Pulse broadening. Optical fiber Connectors Connector types, Single mode fiber connectors, Connector return loss. UNIT III:Fiber Splicing Splicing techniques, Splicing single mode fibers. Fiber alignment and joint lossMultimode fiber joints, single mode fiber joints,. Optical sources LEDs, Structures, Materials, Quantumefficiency, Power, Modulation, Power bandwidth product. Injection Laser Diodes Modes, Threshold conditions, External quantum efficiency,Laser diode rate equations,Resonant frequencies. Reliability of LED&ILD.Source to fiber power launching  Output patterns, Power coupling, Power launching, Equilibrium Numerical Aperture, Laser diode to fiber coupling. UNIT IV:Optical detectors Physical principles of PIN and APD, Detector response time, Temperature effect on Avalanche gain, Comparision of Photodetectors. Optical receiver operation Fundamental receiver operation, Digital signal transmission, error sources, Receiver configuration, Digital Receiverperformance, Probability of error, Quantum limit, Analog receivers. UNIT V:Optical system design Considerations, Component choice, Multiplexing. Pointto point links, System considerations, Link power budget with examples. Overall fiber dispersion in Multi mode and Single mode fibers, Rise time budget with examples. Transmission distance, Line coding in Optical links, WDM, Necessity , Principles, Types of WDM, Measurement of Attenuation and Dispersion, Eye pattern. TEXT BOOKS:

ElectiveI  EC4405 
Radar SystemsRadar Systems Subject Code:EC4405
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
At the end of this course Students will be able to:
UNIT I:Basics of Radar Introduction, Maximum Unambiguous Range, Radar Waveforms, Simple form of Radar Equation, Radar Block Diagram and Operation, Radar Frequencies and Applications, Predictionof Range Performance, Minimum Detectable Signal, Receiver Noise, Modified Radar Range Equation, Related Problems. Radar Equation: SNR, Envelope DetectorFalse AlarmTime and Probability, Integration of Radar Pulses,Radar Cross Section of Targets (simple targets  sphere, conesphere), Transmitter Power, PRF and Range Ambiguities, System Losses (qualitative treatment), Related Problems. UNIT II:: CW and Frequency Modulated RadarDoppler Effect CW Radar  Block Diagram, Isolation between Transmitter and Receiver, Nonzero IF Receiver, Receiver Bandwidth Requirements, Applications of CW radar, Related Problems.FMCW Radar: FMCW Radar, Range and Doppler Measurement, Block Diagram and Characteristics (Approaching/ Receding Targets), FMCW altimeter, Multiple Frequency CW Radar. UNIT III:MTI and Pulse Doppler Radar Introduction, Principle, MTI Radar with  Power Amplifier Transmitter and Power Oscillator Transmitter, Delay Line Cancellers  Filter Characteristics, Blind Speeds, Double Cancellation, Staggered PRFs. Range Gated Doppler Filters. MTI Radar Parameters, Limitations to MTI Performance, MTI versus Pulse Doppler Radar.Tracking Radar: Tracking with Radar, Sequential Lobing, Conical Scan, Monopulse Tracking Radar Amplitude Comparison Monopulse (one and two coordinates), Angular Accuracy, Tracking in Range, Acquisition and Scanning Patterns, Comparison of Trackers. UNIT IV:Detection of Radar Signals in Noise Introduction, Matched Filter Receiver  Response Characteristics and Derivation, Correlation Function and Crosscorrelation Receiver, Efficiency of Non matched Filters, Matched Filter with Nonwhite Noise. UNIT V:Radar Receivers Noise Figure and Noise Temperature, Displays  types, Introduction to Phased Array Antennas Basic Concepts, Radiation Pattern, Beam Steering and Beam Width changes, Applications, Advantages and Limitations.ElectronicWarfare : Introduction to ESM, ECM and ECCM systems. TEXT BOOKS:

ElectiveII  EC4411 
Real Time Operating SystemsReal Time Operating Systems Subject Code:EC4411
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
At the end of this course Students will be able to:
UNIT I: Introduction to Real Time Systems Structures of Operating System (Monolithic, Microkernel, Layered, Exokernel and Hybrid kernel structures), Operating system objectives and functions, Virtual Computers, Interaction of OS and Hardware architecture, Evolution of operating systems, Batch, multi programming. Multitasking, Multiuser, parallel, distributed and realtime OS. UNIT II: Process Management of OS/RTOS Hard versus Soft RealTime System: Jobs and Processors, release time, deadlines, and timing constraints, hard and soft timing constraints, hard realtime systems. Uniprocessor Scheduling: Types of scheduling, scheduling algorithms: FCFS, SJF, Priority, Round Robin, UNIX Multilevel feedback queue scheduling, Thread scheduling, Multiprocessor scheduling concept, Real Time scheduling concept. UNIT III: Real Time Operating System Concepts Foreground and Background Systems, Shared Resource, Critical section of a Code, MultiTasking, Task, Context switch, Kernel, Scheduler, Preemptive and nonpreemptive kernel, Inter Task Communication: Message Mailboxes, Message queues or pipes and Event flags, Semaphores, Interrupts UNIT IV: Introduction to Vx works/UNIX OS Elementary Concepts of Vx Works: Multitasking, Task State Transition, Task Control Task Creation and Activation, Task Stack, Task Names and IDs, Task Options, Task Information, Task Deletion and Deletion Safety. Fundamental Concepts of UNIX Operating Systems UNIX Kernel  File system, Concepts of  Process, Concurrent Execution & Interrupts. Process Management  forks & execution. Basic level Programming with system calls, Shell programming and filters. UNIT V: Linux development process Types of Host /Target Development and debug setup, Generic Architecture of an Embedded Linux System, System start up, Types of Boot configurations, System Memory Layout, Development Tools: Project Workspace, IDE, GNCC cross platform, selecting and configuring kernel, setting up boot loader. TEXT BOOKS:

ElectiveII  EC4412 
IoT and ApplicationsIoT and Applications Subject Code:EC4412
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
At the end of this course Students will be able to:
UNIT I:Introduction & Concepts Introduction & Concepts: Introduction to Internet of Things Definitions & Characteristics of IoT, Physical Design of IOTThings in IoT, IoT Protocols, Logical Design of IOTIoT FunctionalBlocks, IoT Communication Models, IoT Communication APIs, IOT Enabling TechnologiesWireless Sensor Networks, Cloud Computing, Big Data Analytics,CommunicationProtocols,Embedded Systems, IOT Levels & Deployment Templates. UNIT II:Domain Specific IoTs IoT applications for Home Automation, Cities, Environment, Energy,Retail, Logistics, Agriculture, Industry, health and LifestyleIoT and M2M  Introduction, M2M, Differences between IoT and M2M, Software DefinedNetworking, Network Function Virtualization. UNIT III:Introduction to Python Motivation for using Python for designing IoT systems, Language features of Python, Data types Numbers, Strings, Lists, Tuples, Dictionaries, Type Conversions, Data Structures: Control of flowif, for, while, range, break/continue, pass, functions, modules, packaging, file handling,data/time operations, classes, Exception handling, Python packages of Interest for IoT  JSON, XML, HTTPLib, URLLib, SMTPLib UNIT IV:IoT Platforms Design Methodology Introduction, IoT Design Methodology StepsPurpose and Requirements Specification, ProcessSpecification, Domain Model Specification, Information Model Specification, Service Specifications, IoT Level Specification, Functional View Specification, Operational View Specification, Device and Component Integration, Application Development, Case Study on IoT System for Weather Monitoring. UNIT V:IoT Physical Devices and End Points Basic building blocks of an IoT device, Rasberry PiAbout theRasberry Pi board, Rasberry Pi interfacesSerial, SPI,I2C, Other IoT Devices pcDuino, BeagleBone Black, CubieboardIoT Physical Servers and Cloud Offerings Introduction to cloud storage models and CommunicationAPIs, WAMPAutoBahn for IoT, Xivelycloud for IoT Python Web Application Framework: Django FrameworkRoles of Model, Template and View. TEXT BOOKS:

ElectiveII  EC4413 
Embedded SystemsEmbedded Systems Subject Code:EC4413
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
At the end of this course Students will learn:
UNIT I:INTRODUCTION TO EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Complex systems and microprocessorsembedding computers, characteristics of embedded computing applications, challenges in embedded computing system design, performance in embedded computing; The embedded system design processrequirements, specification, architecture design, designing hardware and software, components, system integration, design example. UNIT II:TYPICAL EMBEDDED SYSTEM Core of the embedded systemgeneral purpose and domain specific processors, ASICs, PLDs, COTs; MemoryROM, RAM, memory according to the type of interface, memory shadowing, memory selection for embedded systems; Sensors, actuators and other componentssensors, actuators, seven segment LED, relay, piezo buzzer, push button switch, reset circuit, brownout protection circuit, oscillator circuit real time clock, watch dog timer. UNIT III:EMBEDDED FIRMWARE DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT Embedded firmware design approachessuper loop based approach, operating system based approach; Embedded firmware development languagesassembly language based development, high level language based development; Programming in embedded C. UNIT IV:RTOS BASED EMBEDDED SYSTEM DESIGN Operating system basics, types of operating systems, tasks, process and threads, multiprocessing and multitasking, task scheduling: nonpreemptive and preemptive scheduling; task communicationshared memory, message passing. UNIT V:COMMUNICATION INTERFACE Onboard communication interfacesI2C, SPI, UART, 1 wire interface, parallel interface; External communication interfacesRS232 and RS485,USB, infrared, Bluetooth, wiFi, zigbee, GPRS; Automotive networks and sensor networks. TEXT BOOKS:

ElectiveII  EC4414 
Detection and estimation theoryDetection and estimation theory Subject Code:EC4414
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
After completion of the course the student will be able to:
UNIT I:Random Processes Discrete Linear Models, Markov Sequences and Processes, Point Processes,and Gaussian Processes. UNIT II:Detection Theory Basic Detection Problem, Maximum A posteriori Decision Rule,Minimum Probability of Error Classifier, Bayes Decision Rule, MultipleClass Problem (Bayes)minimum probability error with and without equal a priori probabilities, NeymanPearson Classifier, General Calculation of Probability of Error, General Gaussian Problem, Composite Hypotheses. UNIT III:Linear Minimum MeanSquare Error Filtering Linear Minimum Mean Squared Error stimators, Nonlinear Minimum Mean Squared Error Estimators. Innovations, Digital Wiener Filters with tored Data, Realtime Digital Wiener Filters, Kalman Filters. UNIT IV:Statistics Measurements, Nonparametric Estimators of Probability Distribution and DensityFunctions,Point Estimators of Parameters, Measures of the Quality of Estimators, Introductionto Interval Estimates, Distribution of Estimators, Tests of Hypotheses, Simple Linear Regression,Multiple Linear Regression. UNIT V:Estimating the Parameters of Random Processes from Data Tests for Stationarity andErgodicity, Modelfree Estimation, Modelbased Estimation of Autocorrelation Functions, Power Special Density Functions. TEXT BOOKS:

ElectiveIII  EC4421 
Analog VLSI and Mixed Signal DesignAnalog VLSI and Mixed Signal Design Subject Code:EC4421
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
UNIT I:Introduction to Active Filters (PLL) & Switched capacitor filters Active RC Filters for monolithic filer design: First & Second order filter realizations  universal active filter (KHN) self tuned filter  programmable filters  Switched capacitor filters: Switchedcapacitor resistors  amplifiers comparators  sample & hold circuits  Integrator Biquad. UNIT II: Continuous Time filters & Digital Filters Introduction to Gm  C filters  bipolar transconductors  CMOS Transconductors using Triode transistors, active transistors  BiCMOStransconductors  MOSFET C Filters  Tuning Circuitry  Dynamic range performance Digital Filters: Sampling  decimation  interpolation  implementation of FIR and IIR filters UNIT III:Digital to Analog & Analog to Digital Converters Nonidealities in the DAC  Types of DAC's: Current switched, Resistive, Charge redistribution (capacitive), Hybrid, segmented DAC's  Techniques for improving linearity  Analog to Digital Converters: quantization errors nonidealities  types of ADC's: Flash, two step, pipelined, successive approximation, folding ADC's.Sigma Delta Converters: Over sampled converters  over sampling without noise & with noise  implementation imperfections  first order modulator  decimation filters second order modulator  sigma delta DAC & ADC's UNIT IV:Analog and Mixed Signal Extensions to VHDL Introduction  Language design objectives  Theory of differential algebraic equations  the 1076 .1 Language  Tolerance groups  Conservative systems  Time and the simulation cycle A/D and D/A Interaction  Quiescent Point  Frequency domain modeling and examples. UNIT V:Analog Extensions to Verilog Introduction data types ExpressionsSignalsAnalog BehaviorHierarchical structuresMixed Signal Interaction. Introduction  Equation construction  solution  waveform Filter functions  simulator  Control Analysis  Multi disciplinary model. TEXT BOOKS:

ElectiveIII  EC4422 
Analog IC DesignAnalog IC Design Subject Code:EC4422
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
UNIT I:SINGLE STAGE AMPLIFIERS Basic MOS physics and equivalent circuits and models, CS,, CG and Source Follower ascode and folded cascade configurations, differential amplifiers and current mirror configurations. UNIT II:HIGH FREQUENCY AND NOISE OF CHARACTERISTICS AMPLIFIERS Current mirrors, cascode stages for current mirrors, current mirror loads for differential pairs. Miller effect, association of poles with nodes, frequency response of CS, CG and source follower, cascade and differential pair stages Statistical characteristics of noise, noise in single stage amplifiers, noise in differential amplifiers. UNIT III:FEEDBACK AND OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS Properties and types of negative feedback circuits, effect of loading in feedback networks, operational amplifier performance parameters, Onestage Op Amps, Twostage Op Amps, Input range limitations, Gain boosting, slew rate, power supply rejection, noise in Op Amps. UNIT IV:STABILITY AND FREQUENCY COMPENSATION General considerations, Multipole systems, Phase Margin, Frequency Compensation, Compensation of two stage Op Amps, Slewing in two stage Op Amps, Other compensation techniques. UNIT V:ANDGAP REFERENCES supply independent biasing, temperature independent references, PTAT current generation, ConstantGm Biasing. TEXT BOOKS:

ElectiveIII  EC4423 
CAD of VLSI circuitsCAD of VLSI circuits Subject Code:EC4423
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
UNIT I:VLSI DESIGN METHODOLOGIES Introduction to VLSI Design methodologies  Review of Data structures and algorithms  Review of VLSI Design automation tools  Algorithmic Graph Theory and Computational Complexity  Tractable and Intractable problems  general purpose methods for combinatorial optimization. UNIT II:DESIGN RULES Layout Compaction  Design rules  problem formulation  algorithms for constraint graph compaction  placement and partitioning  Circuit representation  Placement algorithms  partitioning UNIT III:FLOOR PLANNING Floor planning concepts  shape functions and floorplan sizing  Types of local routing problems  Area routing  channel routing  global routing  algorithms for global routing. UNIT IV:SIMULATION Simulation  Gatelevel modeling and simulation  Switchlevel modeling and simulation  Combinational Logic Synthesis  Binary Decision Diagrams  Two Level Logic Synthesis. UNIT V:MODELLING AND SYNTHESIS High level Synthesis  Hardware models  Internal representation  Allocation assignment and scheduling  Simple scheduling algorithm  Assignment problem  High level transformations. TEXT BOOKS:

ElectiveIII  EC4424 
RF Integrated CircuitsRF Integrated Circuits Subject Code:EC4424
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
At the end of this course Students will learn:
UNIT I:INTRODUCTION TO RF AND WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY Complexity comparison, Design bottle necks, Applications, Analog and digital systems, Choice of Technology. BASIC CONCEPTS IN RF DESIGN: Nonlinearity and time variance, ISI, Random process and noise, sensitivity and dynamic range, passive impedance transformation. UNIT II:MULTIPLE ACCESS Techniques and wireless standards, mobile RF communication, FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, Wireless standards. UNIT III:TRANSCEIVER ARCHITECTURES General considerations, receiver architecture, Transmitter Architecture, transceiver performance tests, case studies. UNIT IV:AMPLIFIERS, MIXERS AND OSCILLATORS Simulation  Gatelevel modeling and simulation  Switchlevel modeling and simulation  Combinational Logic Synthesis  Binary Decision Diagrams  Two Level Logic Synthesis. UNIT V:POWER AMPLIFIERS General considerations, linear and nonlinear Pas, classification, High Frequency power amplifier, large signal impedance matching, linearization techniques. TEXT BOOKS:

ElectiveIII  EC4425 
Adhoc Wireless Sensor NetworksAdhoc Wireless Sensor Networks Subject Code:EC4425
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
At the end of this course Students will learn:
UNIT I: Wireless LANS and PANS: Introduction, Fundamentals of WLANS, IEEE 802.11 Standards,HIPERLAN Standard, Bluetooth, Home RF.AD HOC Wireless Networks: Introduction, Issues in Ad Hoc Wireless Networks. UNIT II: MAC Protocols: Introduction, Issues in Designing a MAC protocol for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks, Design goals of a MAC Protocol for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks, Classifications of MAC Protocols, Contention  Based Protocols, Contention  Based Protocols with reservation Mechanisms,Contention  Based MAC Protocols with Scheduling Mechanisms, MAC Protocolsthat use Directional Antennas, Other MAC Protocols. UNIT III: Routing Protocols: Introduction, Issues in Designing a Routing Protocol for Ad Hoc WirelessNetworks, Classification of Routing Protocols, Table Driven Routing Protocols, On  DemandRouting Protocols, Hybrid Routing Protocols, Routing Protocols with Efficient Flooding Mechanisms, Hierarchical Routing Protocols, Power  Aware Routing Protocols. UNIT IV: Transport Layer Protocols: Introduction, Issues in Designing a Transport Layer Protocol for AdHoc Wireless Networks, Design Goals of a Transport Layer Protocol for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks, Classification of Transport Layer Solutions, TCP Over Ad Hoc Wireless Networks, Other Transport Layer Protocol for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks. UNIT V: Transport Layer Protocols: Introduction, Issues in Designing a Transport Layer Protocol for AdHoc Wireless Networks, Design Goals of a Transport Layer Protocol for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks, Classification of Transport Layer Solutions, TCP Over Ad Hoc Wireless Networks, Other Transport Layer Protocol for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks. TEXT BOOKS:

ElectiveIV  EC4431 
Digital Image ProcessingDigital Image Processing Subject Code:EC4431
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
UNIT I:INTRODUCTION, Mathematical Preliminaries and Two dimensional Systems Introduction to image Processing and applications of image processing in different fields, Fundamentals of Linear algebra, and Probability, one dimensional and two dimensional Linear shift invariant systems and their representation using matrices, one dimensional and Two Dimensional Convolution, Separable operations using matrices, Two dimensional Discrete time Fourier transform, Two dimensional Z transform and Properties. UNIT II:Image sampling and Quantization Sampling of One dimensional signals, Sampling of Two dimensional signals, Antialiasing filter, Quantization: Liyod Max quantizer, Uniform quantizer, Signal to quantization noise ratio. UNIT III:Image Transforms Unitary transforms and properties, One dimensional Discrete Fourier transform, Two dimensional Discrete Fourier transform, One dimensional Discrete cosine transform, Two dimensional Discrete cosine transform, One dimensional Discrete sine transform, Two dimensional Discrete sine transform, One dimensional Discrete Walsh transform, Two dimensional Discrete Walsh transform, One dimensional Discrete Hadamard transform, Two dimensional Discrete Hadamard transform, One dimensional Discrete Haar transform, Two dimensional Discrete Haar transform, One dimensional Discrete KLT transform, Two dimensional Discrete KLT transform, Application of KLT for Face recognition. UNIT IV:Image Enhancement Point operations: contrast stretching, digital negative, Power law correction, dynamic range compression, intensity level slicing, Thresholding, Bit plane extraction; Histogram equalization and histogram specification; spatial operations:Linear and non linear filtering in spatial domain using spatial masks, Unsharp masking; Transform Operations: Filtering in transform domain; Psuedo coloring UNIT V:Image Restoration Classification of restoration methods, Characteristic metrics for Image restoration, Linear and non linear degradation models, Inverse filtering, Pseudo inverse filtering, Wiener filtering: Least squares approach REFERENCES:

ElectiveIV  EC4432 
Multimedia CommunicationMultimedia Communication Subject Code:EC4432
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives: The course is designed
Upon completing the course, the student will be able to:
UNIT I: Introduction to Multimedia: Multimedia, World Wide Web, Overview of Multimedia Tools, Multimedia Authoring, Graphics/Image Data Types, and File Formats. Color in Image and Video: Color Science  Image Formation, Camera Systems, Gamma Correction, Color Matching Functions, CIE Chromaticity Diagram, Color Monitor Specifications, OutofGamut Colors, White Point Correction, XYZ to RGB Transform, Transform with Gamma Correction, L*A*B* Color Model. Color Models in Images  RGB Color Model for CRT Displays, Subtractive Color: CMV Color Model, Transformation from RGB to CMV, Under Color Removal: CMYK System, Printer Gamuts, Color Models in Video  Video Color Transforms, YUV Color Model, YIQ Color Model, Ycbcr Color Model. UNIT II: Video Concepts: Types of Video Signals, Analog Video, Digital Video. Audio Concepts: Digitization of Sound, Quantizatiofl and Transmission of Audio. UNIT III: Compression Algorithms Lossless Compression Algorithms:Run Length Coding, Variable Length Coding, Arithmetic Coding, LosslessJPEG, Image Compression. Lossy Image Compression Algorithms:Transform Coding: KLT And DCT Coding, Wavelet Based Coding. Image Compression Standards:JPEG and JPEG2000. UNIT IV: Video Compression Techniques: Introduction to Video Compression, Video Compression Based on Motion Compensation, Search for Motion Vectors, H.261 IntraFrame and InterFrame Coding, Quantization, Encoder and Decoder, Overview of MPEG 1 and MPEG2. UNIT V: Audio Compression Techniques: ADPCM in Speech Coding, G.726 ADPCM, Vocoders Phase Insensitivity, Channel Vocoder, Formant Vocoder, Linear Predictive Coding, CELP, Hybrid Excitation Vocoders, MPEG Audio  MPEG Layers, MPEG Audio Strategy, MPEG Audio Compression Algorithms, MPEG2 AAC, MPEG4 Audio. TEXT BOOKS

ElectiveIV  EC4433 
DSP Processors ArchitectureDSP Processors Architecture Subject Code:EC4433
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
Student will be able to:
UNIT I:Introduction to Digital Signal Processing Introduction, A Digital signalprocessing system, The sampling process, Discrete time sequences. Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) and Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), Linear timeinvariant systems, Digital filters, Decimation and interpolationComputational Accuracy in DSP Implementations: Number formats for signals and coefficients in DSP systems, Dynamic Range and Precision, Sources of error in DSP implementations, A/D Conversion errors, DSP Computational errors, D/A Conversion Errors, Compensating filter. UNIT II:Architectures for Programmable DSP Devices Basic Architectural features, DSP Computational Building Blocks, Bus Architecture and Memory, Data Addressing Capabilities, Address Generation UNIT, Programmability and Program Execution, Speed Issues, Features for External interfacing. UNIT III:Programmable Digital Signal Processors Commercial Digital signalprocessing Devices, Data Addressing modes of TMS320C54XX DSPs, Data Addressing modes of TMS320C54XX Processors, Memory space of TMS320C54XX Processors, Program Control, TMS320C54XX instructions and Programming, OnChip Peripherals, Interrupts of TMS320C54XX processors, Pipeline operation of TMS320C54XX Processors. UNIT IV:Analog Devices Family of DSP Devices Analog Devices Family of DSP Devices  ALU and MAC block diagram, ShifterInstruction,Base Architecture of ADSP 2100, ADSP2181 high performance Processor. introduction to Blackfin Processor  The Blackfin Processor, Introduction to Micro Signal Architecture, Overview of Hardware Processing Units and Register files, Address Arithmetic Unit, Control Unit, Bus Architecture and Memory, Basic Peripherals. UNIT V:Interfacing Memory and I/O Peripherals to Programmable DSP Devices Memory space organization, External bus interfacing signals, Memory interface, ParallelI/O interface, Programmed I/O, Interrupts and I/O, Direct memory access (DMA). TEXT BOOKS

ElectiveIV  EC4432 
Multimedia CommunicationMultimedia Communication Subject Code:EC4432
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives: The course is designed
Upon completing the course, the student will be able to:
UNIT I: Introduction to Multimedia: Multimedia, World Wide Web, Overview of Multimedia Tools, Multimedia Authoring, Graphics/Image Data Types, and File Formats. Color in Image and Video: Color Science  Image Formation, Camera Systems, Gamma Correction, Color Matching Functions, CIE Chromaticity Diagram, Color Monitor Specifications, OutofGamut Colors, White Point Correction, XYZ to RGB Transform, Transform with Gamma Correction, L*A*B* Color Model. Color Models in Images  RGB Color Model for CRT Displays, Subtractive Color: CMV Color Model, Transformation from RGB to CMV, Under Color Removal: CMYK System, Printer Gamuts, Color Models in Video  Video Color Transforms, YUV Color Model, YIQ Color Model, Ycbcr Color Model. UNIT II: Video Concepts: Types of Video Signals, Analog Video, Digital Video. Audio Concepts: Digitization of Sound, Quantizatiofl and Transmission of Audio. UNIT III: Compression Algorithms Lossless Compression Algorithms:Run Length Coding, Variable Length Coding, Arithmetic Coding, LosslessJPEG, Image Compression. Lossy Image Compression Algorithms:Transform Coding: KLT And DCT Coding, Wavelet Based Coding. Image Compression Standards:JPEG and JPEG2000. UNIT IV: Video Compression Techniques: Introduction to Video Compression, Video Compression Based on Motion Compensation, Search for Motion Vectors, H.261 IntraFrame and InterFrame Coding, Quantization, Encoder and Decoder, Overview of MPEG 1 and MPEG2. UNIT V: Audio Compression Techniques: ADPCM in Speech Coding, G.726 ADPCM, Vocoders Phase Insensitivity, Channel Vocoder, Formant Vocoder, Linear Predictive Coding, CELP, Hybrid Excitation Vocoders, MPEG Audio  MPEG Layers, MPEG Audio Strategy, MPEG Audio Compression Algorithms, MPEG2 AAC, MPEG4 Audio. TEXT BOOKS

ElectiveIV  EC4434 
Antennas and Wave PropagationAntennas and Wave Propagation Subject Code:EC4434
LTPC: 4004
Course Objectives:
Student will be able to:
UNIT I: Antenna Basics Introduction, Basic Antenna Parameters  Patterns, Beam Area, Radiation Intensity, Beam Efficiency, DirectivityGainResolution, Antenna Apertures, Illustrative Problems. Fields fromOscillating Dipole, Field Zones, Front  toback Ratio, Antenna Theorems, Radiation, Retarded Potentials  Helmholtz Theorem.Thin Linear Wire Antennas  Radiation from Small Electric Dipole, Quarter Wave Monopole and Half Wave Dipole  Current Distributions, Field Components, Radiated Power, Radiation Resistance, Beam Width, Directivity, Effective Area, Effective Height, Natural Current Distributions, Far Fields and Patterns of Thin Linear Centrefed Antennas of Different Lengths, Illustrative Problems. Loop Antennas  Introduction, Small Loop, Comparison of Far Fields of Small Loop and Short Dipole, Radiation Resistances. UNIT II:Antenna Arrays Point Sources  Definition, Patterns, arrays of 2 Isotropic Sources  Different Cases, Principle of Pattern Multiplication, Uniform Linear Arrays  Broadside Arrays, Endfire Arrays, EFA with Increased Directivity, Derivation of their Characteristics and Comparison, BSAs with Nonuniform Amplitude Distributions General Considerations and Binomial Arrays, Illustrative Problems. Antenna Measurements:Introduction, Concepts  Reciprocity, Near and Far Fields, Coordinate System Patterns to be Measured, Pattern Measurement Arrangement, Directivity Measurement, Gain Measurements (by Comparison, Absolute and 3 Antenna Methods) UNIT III:VHF, UHF and Microwave AntennasI Arrays with Parasitic Elements, YagiUda Array, Folded Dipoles and their Characteristics,Helical Antennas  Helical Geometry, Helix Modes, Practical Design Considerations for Monofilar Helical Antenna in Axial and Normal Modes, Horn Antennas  Types, Optimum Horns, Design Considerations of Pyramidal Horns, Illustrative Problems. VHF, UHF and Microwave Antennas  II: Microstrip Antennas  Introduction, Features, Advantages and Limitations, Rectangular Patch Antennas Geometry and Parameters, Characteristics of Microstrip Antennas. Impact of Different Parameters on Characteristics, 103 Reflector Antennas  Introduction, Flar Sheet and Corner Reflectors, Paraboloidal Reflectors  Geometry, Pattern Characteristics, Feed Methods, Reflector Types  Related Features, Illustrative Problems. Lens Antennas  Introduction, Geometry of Nonmetallic Dielectric Lenses, Fermat's Principle, Zoning, Applications. UNIT IV:Wave Propagation  I Introduction, Definitions, Categorizations and General Classifications, Different Modes of WavePropagation, Ray/Mode Concepts, Ground Wave Propagation (Qualitative Treatment) Introduction, Plane Earth Reflections, Space and Surface Waves, Wave Tilt, Curved Earth Reflections. Space Wave Propagation  Introduction, Field Strength Variation with Distance andHeight, Effect of Earth's Curvature, Absorption, Super Refraction, MCurves and Duct Propagation, Scattering Phenomena, Tropospheric Propagation. UNIT V:Wave Propagation  II Sky Wave Propagation  Introduction, Structure of Ionosphere, Refraction and Reflectionof Sky Waves by Ionosphere, Ray Path, Critical Frequency, MUF, LUF, OF, Virtual Height and Skip Distance, Relation between MUF and Skip Distance, Multihop Propagation. TEXT BOOKS

List of Freeelectives:
SUBJECT CODE  SUBJECT NAME  (LT)P  Credits 

BM4006 
Project and Production ManagementProject and Production Management Subject Code:BM4006
LTPC: 4003
Course Objectives:
UNIT I: Introduction: Project management: an overview, Project Selection: Project Identification and Screening, Project Appraisal: Part I, Project Appraisal: Part II, Project Selection. (6 modules) UNIT II: Project Planning and Implementation: Development of Project Network, Project Representation, Consistency and Redundancy in Project Networks, Project Scheduling: Basic Scheduling with AOA Networks, Basic Scheduling with AON Networks, Project Scheduling with Probabilistic Activity Times. Project Implementation: Project Monitoring and Control with PERT /Cost, Project Completion, Review and Future Directions. (8 Modules) UNIT III: Production Management: Introduction to Production Systems and a Generalized Model of Production, Life cycle of a Production System and Major managerial Decisions, financial evaluation of production related decisions, Performance Measures of a Production System, Financial Evaluation of Capital Decisions, Decision Trees and evaluation of risk. (6 Modules) UNIT IV: Product Design, Facility Location and Layout: Introducing New Products and Services, Product Mix Decisions Facility location and layout: Plant Location, Process Layouts, Product Layouts and Assembly Line Balancing, Cellular Layouts, Layouts for Advanced Manufacturing Systems. (8 Modules) UNIT V: Production Planning: Production Planning over medium term: Demand Forecasting, Aggregate Production Planning. Operational Decisions over Short term: .Inventory related Decisions, Material Requirements Planning and Scheduling of Job Shops. (8 Modules) REFERENCES BOOKS:
 40  3 
BSBE4401 
BioinformaticsBioinformatics Subject Code:BSBE4401
LTPC: 4003
Course Objective: To give an overview of the existing methodologies adopted in computational analysis of biological data. The main objective of the course is to stress the need for algorithm and data processing technologies for analysis and decoding the information processing of biological systems. Course Outcome:This course improves the critical intellectual faculty required for handling and analyzing large data sets. It also stresses the need for integrating information to solve problems. The gap in resolving biological problems with the aid of core domain knowledge of different disciplines can be curtailed with the help of this course since it embarks the student with the skills to gather and integrate the required biological information. Students interested in developing algorithms and data processing technologies for analyzing biological information have huge demands since the applications of this branch play a vital role in alleviating bottlenecks in drug development. UNIT I:Biological Data Bases
UNIT II:Sequence Analysis
UNIT III:Phylogenetic Analysis
UNIT IV:Applications of Bio Informatics
 40  3 
BSBE4402 
Industrial BiotechnologyIndustrial Biotechnology Subject Code:BSBE4402
LTPC: 4003
Course Objective:
UNITI: INTRODUCTION TO INDUSTRIAL BIOPROCESS Fermentation  Bacterial, Fungal and Yeast, Biochemistry of fermentation. Traditional and modern Biotechnology, A brief survey of organisms, processes, products. Basic concepts of Upstream and downstream processing in Bioprocess, Bioreactors  design and types UNIT II:PRODUCTION OF PRIMARY AND SECONDAR METABOLITES Primary Metabolites  Production of commercially important primary metabolites Like organic acids, amino acids and alcohols. Secondary Metabolites  Production processes for various classes of secondary metabolites, antibiotics, vitamins and steroids. UNIT III:ENZYME BIOTECHNOLOGY AND OTHER BIOPRODUCTS Industrial use and production of Enzymes (Cellulases, proteases Lipases etc.), immobilization of Enzymes and applications. Biosensors, Biopesticides, Biofertilizers, Biopreservatives, Biopolymers, biofuels  biogass, biodiesel, bio hydrogen, bio ethanol, microbial fuel cell technology. Biodegradable plastics, biorefineries to generate electricity. UNIT IV:FOOD BIOTECHNOLOGY Food preservation through canning, sterilization, pasteurization, chemicals, radiations drying and packing. Food spoilageBiotechnology process for prevention of food spoilage. Fermented foods and probiotics. Microbial foods SCP. UNIT V:PRODUCTION OF MODERN BIOTECHNOLOGY PRODUCTS Production of recombinant proteins having therapeutic and diagnostic applications, vaccines, monoclonal antibodies. Gene therapy, Bioprocess strategies in Plant Cell,Animal and microbial cell cultures. REFERENCES BOOKS:
 40  3 
BSBE4403 
Biomedical EngineeringBiomedical Engineering Subject Code:BSBE4403
LTPC: 4003
Course Objectives: The students will be able to
On completion of this module students will be able to analyze a problem from both an engineering and biological perspective; they can anticipate the special difficulties of technological intervention in working with living systems and to evaluate a wide range of possible approaches. Students will be able to apply their engineering domain knowledge with a biological perspective to solve the problems at the interface of engineering and biology. Addressing the problems associated with the technological interface with living systems, students would be enabled to design a variety of electronic and/or computerbased devices and software for applications including biomedical instrumentation, medical imaging, physiological measurement, biomedical signal processing, rehabilitation engineering and medical informatics. They will be able to make physical measurements and gather data to reflect biological activity from living systems; and aid in the analysis of biological systems, design of biomedical instruments, and the technological advancement for health care. UNITI:HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY Structure and function of Cell & cellular components  Membrane Potential  Action Potential  Generation and Conduction; Overview of Cardiovascular system, Nervous System, Muscular Skeletal System, Respiratory system, Excretory system. UNIT II:PRINCIPLES OF DIAGNOSTIC AND THERAPEUTIC EQUIPMENTS Normal and abnormal ECG waveform, diagnosis interpretation, cardiac pacemaker, heart lung machines  need for the unit, spirometer, respiratory volume measurement, pnemograph, artificial respirator ipr type, functioning, pulse oximetry, basic principles of echo technique, display techniques a, b, m, d modes, echo cardiograms, echo encephalogram, ultrasonic applied as diagnostic tool in ophthalmology, obstetrics and gynaecology. Principles of dialysis Hemodialys. UNIT III:MEDICAL IMAGING Introduction to medical imaging and different medical imaging modalities. Review of Signals and system, Fourier transform, Transfer functions, Hankel transform, Sampling theorem, Projection Radiography (Mammography, Fluoroscopy, Angiography etc), Nuclear Medical Imaging, Ultrasound Imaging, Magnetic Resonance Imaging. UNIT IV:MEMS & BIOMEMS Introduction, MEMS, micro system, sensor, actuator Material for MEMS Sensing and actuation Fabrication of MEMS, Material for MEMS, Sensing and actuation, Fabrication of MEMS and MEMS packaging. UNIT V:BIOSENSORS Sensor architecture and Classification; Medically significant measurands, functional specifications of medical sensors; Sensor characteristics: linearity, repeatability, hysteresis, drift; Sensor models in the time & frequency domains. Sensors for physical measurands: strain, force, pressure, acceleration, flow, volume, temperature and biopotentials. Sensors for measurement of chemicals: Electronic eye,electronic nose and electronic tongue and their use in fermentations and breweries. Potentiometric sensors, ion selective electrodes, ISFETS; Amperometric sensors, Clark Electrode; Biosensors, Catalytic biosensors, Immunosensors. REFERENCES:
 40  3 
2nd Term of 4th Year (2/4)
Subject Type  Course No.  Subject Name  (LT)P  Credits 

Free ElectiveII  40  3  
Compulsory  EC4000  Comprehensive Viva  00  1 
Compulsory  EC4800 
ProjectProject Subject Code:EC4800
LTPC: 00016
Student has to do literature review on the chosen/allotted area of project work and must submit a report.  00  16 
Total load and Credits  40  20 
List of Freeelectives:
Course No.  Subject Name 

BM4501 
Foundations of ManagementFoundations of Management Subject Code:BM4501
LTPC: 4003
Course Objective: This course enables the students to learn wide range of managerial concepts and equip them to handle the management assignment in the future. Course Contents:

BM4502 
Entrepreneurship and New VenturesEntrepreneurship and New Ventures Subject Code:BM4502
LTPC: 4003
Course Objective: This course enables the students to learn wide range of managerial concepts and equip them to handle the management assignment in the future This course has two basic objectives. The first is to teach effective entrepreneurial and general management practice from the perspective of the founder and stakeholders. The second is to apply the entrepreneurial perspective in order to approach business problems from a value creation framework. Course Contents:

BM4503 
Intellectual Property RightsIntellectual Property Rights Subject Code:BM4503
LTPC: 4003
Course Objective: This course enables the students to learn wide range of managerial concepts and equip them to handle the management assignment in the future. This course aims at helping the students to learn legalities of intellectual property to avoid plagiarism and other IPR relates crimes like copyright infringements. Course Contents:

BSBE4501 
Sustainable TechnologySustainable Technology Subject Code:BSBE4501
LTPC: 3003
Course Objective: To give an overview of existing technologies and their associated problems. The main objective of the course is to stress on the need of innovation in development of sustainable technologies. Course Outcome:This paper sets out to discuss the commonalities that can be found for sustainable development. The commonalities include systemic or holistic thinking, the integration of different perspectives, skills such as critical thinking, diverse attitudes and values. Student will get the knowledge to resolve the environmental problems of the planet, work towards communityoriented problems with coherent and inferential problem solving skills. UNIT I:DRAW BACKS OF CURRENT TECHNOLOGIESEnvironmental degradation, financial constraints, social issues with automation in technology, extinction of fossil fuels, risks involved in operations. Global environmental issues Resource degradation, Climate change (Carbon credits and carbon trading, carbon foot print), Global warming, Ozone layer depletion, Regional and Local Environmental Issues. UNIT II: ENVIRONMENT REMEDIATION Environment Impact Assessment (EIA)  Procedures of EIA in India, Physical and Chemical technologies for reclamation, Need for ecosystem restoration, Bioremediation. Alternative Hirarchy Process (AHP), Selection of best technology using AHP, Alternative resources and technologies, resource recovery from waste, energy recovery from waste, Sustainable Development vs Environmental Engineering  Energy Issues. UNIT III: SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGIES Sustainability  Introduction, Need and concept of sustainability; People, planet and profit; Social, environmental and economic sustainability concepts. Sustainable development, Nexus between Technology and Sustainable development, Challenges for Sustainable Development. Multilateral environmental agreements and Protocols  Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), Green technologies. UNIT IV: BIOMIMICRY Defining biomimicry, why biomimicry matters? Biomimicry examples  Bioplastics, biomaterials, bioluminescence for LED's, neural networks, swarm intelligence, aerodynamics for automobile engineering, DNA computing. UNIT V:BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES FOR SUSTAINABILITY Organic Farming for sustainable agriculture, Microbial leaching of low grade mineral ores, Bioelectricity (Microbial fuel cells), Biomagnetism (for therapy), Biofuels (for energy), Microbial engineering for cleaning environmental pollution, biosynthesis of industrial products. REFERENCES:

BSBE4502 
Pharmaceutical TechnologyPharmaceutical Technology Subject Code:BSBE4502
LTPC: 3003
Course Objective: Pharmaceutical Technology course is designed to educate chemical engineer students and provide them with the skills required to work in the pharmaceutical field, with particular emphasis on the engineering aspects of drug manufacturing, pharmaceutical production, pharmaceutical development, and pharmaceutical operations. Course Outcome:Upon completion of the program, students will be able to:
Introduction, Consideration of physicochemical properties of new drug molecules for different dosage forms. Aqueous solubility, organic solubility, intrinsic solubility, methods of enhancement of solubilitysurfactants, pH, cosolvency, solid dispersion, complexation. Techniques for the study of crystal properties and polymorphism  DSC, TGA, PXRD, Optical microscopy, hot stage microscopy. UNIT II:PHARMACEUTICAL EXCIPIENTS & POLYMERS Factors affecting the selection of excipients, drugexcipient interactions, Study of cyclodextrins, ion exchange resins, film coating materials, superdisintegrants, directly compressible vehicles, surfactants and thickeners. Coprocessed excipients. Excipient compatibility studies Polymer classificationbiodegradable, synthetic, semisynthetic and natural polymers. Hydrogels and their applications. UNIT III:FORMULATION TECHNOLOGY Tablet technology: Compression, consolidation, decompression, compaction at high loads, forces distribution during compression, compaction profiles, measurement of forces during compression, energy involved in compaction, properties of granules of compression, influence of compression force on the properties of tablets. Capsule technology: Manufacturing equipment and machinery used in capsule technology. Formulation and evaluation of hard gelatin capsules and soft gelatin capsules. Parenterals technology: Manufacturing of LVP, SVP, Sterilization and sterility testing of parenterals, GMP & c GMP regulations of parenteral technology. UNIT IV:STABILITY TESTING  DRUGS AND DOSAGE FORMS Solid state drug stability, dosage form stability, accelerated stability testing, shelf life calculations, strategies for prolonging shelf life. Effect of packaging materials on dosage form stability. Basic principles of ICH, stability testing of new drug substance and formulations, photostability testing and oxidative stability, role of containers in stability testing. WHO stability guidelines. UNIT V:CONCEPTS OF CONTROLLED RELEASE DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS Introduction, concept, advantages & disadvantages. Factors to be considered for designing controlled release dosage forms. Dissolution, Diffusion, Combination of dissolution and diffusion controlled drug delivery systems. Classification of ratecontrolled drug delivery systems. Rateprogrammed release, activationmodulated and feedback regulated drug delivery systems. Effect of system parameters on controlled drug delivery. Hydrodynamically balanced systems, Osmotic pressure controlled, pH controlled, ion exchange controlled systems REFERENCE BOOKS:

BSBE4503 
BioMeterialsBioMeterials Subject Code:BSBE4503
LTPC: 3003
Course Objectives: After successfully completing this course, students will be able to:
On completion of this course students should be able to:
Concepts of cells, proteins and their interaction with the biomaterial, Structure and properties of different classes of biomaterials; Interactions of materials with the human body; Criteria for selection of biomaterials for specific medical applications, Concepts of Biocompatibility, mechanical properties of biomaterials, corrosion and biodegradation, evaluation of biomaterials. UNIT II:METALS AND ITS COMPOSITES. Surface interaction with the cells; Classes of metals & metal composites; Applications of metals & metal composites; Biocompatibility testing's and evaluation of metals and its composites. UNIT III:CERAMICS AND ITS COMPOSITES. Surface interaction with the host cells; Classes of Ceramics and its composites; Applications of Ceramics and its composites; Biocompatibility testing's and evaluation of Ceramics and its composites. UNIT IV:POLYMERS AND ITS COMPOSITES Surface interaction with the cells, classes of polymers and its composites; Applications of polymers and its composites; Biocompatibility testing's and evaluation of polymers and its composites. UNIT V:BIOMEDIACAL APPLICATIONS OF BIO MATERIALS Nanostructure biomaterials, Orthopedic implants, dental implants, vascular grafts, ocular materials, drug delivery carriers, introduction to tissue regeneration scaffolds. TEXTS & REFERENCE:

CH4504 
Computational Fluid DynamicsComputational Fluid Dynamics Subject Code:CH4504
LTPC: 4003
Course Objectives:
Governing equations of fluid flow and heat transfer mass conservation, momentum and energy equation, differential and integral forms, conservation and nonconservation form. Characteristics of turbulent flows, time averaged Navier Strokes equations, turbulence modelsone and two equation, Reynolds stress, LES and DNS UNIT II:Finite Differnce Approximation Mathematical behaviour of PDE, finite difference operators, basic aspects of discretization by FDM, explicit and implicit methods, error and stability analysis UNIT III:Finite Volume Method Diffusion problems  explicit and implicit time integration; Convectiondiffusion problems  properties of discretisation schemes, central, upwind, hybrid, QUICK schemes; Solution of discretised equations. UNIT IV:Flow Field Computation Pressure velocity coupling, staggered grid, SIMPLE algorithm, PISO algorithm for steady and unsteady flows UNIT V:Grid Generation Physical aspects, simple and multiple connected regions, grid generation by PDE solution, grid generation by algebraic mapping. TEXTS BOOKS:

Note : At Least one of the Breadth courses should be related to Environmental Science and Engineering.