Engineering - First Year
1st Term of 1st Year (1/1)
First Year B.Tech
|Course No.||Subject Name||(L-T)-P||Credits|
Basic Electrical Engineering
Basic Electrical Engineering
This course introduces the concepts of
UNIT- I: DC CIRCUIT ANALYSIS
Electrical Circuits - R-L-C Parameters, Voltage and Current Independent and Dependent Sources, Source Transformation - V-I relationship for Passive elements, Kirchoff's Laws, Network reduction techniques - series, parallel, series parallel, star-to-delta, delta-to-star transformation, Mesh Analysis and Nodal Analysis
UNIT- II: AC CIRCUIT ANALYSIS
Single Phase AC Circuits - R.M.S. and Average values, Form Factor, steady state analysis of series, Parallel and Series parallel Combinations of R, L and C with Sinusoidal excitation, concept of reactance, Impedance, Susceptance and Admittance - phase and phase difference, Concept of Power Factor, j-notation, complex and Polar forms of representation.
Resonance - Series resonance and Parallel resonance circuits, concept of bandwidth and Q factor, Locus Diagrams for RL, RC and RLC Combinations for Various Parameters.
UNIT- III: NETWORK THEOREMS AND THREE PHASE AC CIRCUITS
Network Theorems - Thevenin's, Norton's, Maximum Power Transfer, Superposition, Reciprocity, Tellegen's, Millman's and Compensation theorems Three phase ac circuits -Three phase EMF generation, delta and Y connections, line and phase quantities, solution of three phase circuits, balanced supply voltage and balanced load, phasor diagram, measurement of power in three phase circuits
UNIT- IV: BASIC ELECTRONICS
Introduction to electronics and electronic systems, Semiconductor and devices like diodes, zener diode, BJT, FET, MOSFET, Rectifier and ripple Filters, Transistor biasing. Small signal transistor amplifiers, Operational amplifiers, Feedback and Oscillators, Introduction to digital circuits
UNIT- V: ELECTRICAL MACHINES
DC machines: Construction, EMF and Torque equations, Characteristics of DC generators and motors, speed control of DC motors and DC motor starters.
Transformers :Construction, EMF equation, ratings, phasor diagram on no load and full load, equivalent circuit, regulation and efficiency calculations, open and short circuit tests, auto-transformers.
Induction motors: The revolving magnetic field, principle of orientation, ratings, equivalent circuit, Torque-speed characteristics, starters for cage and wound rotor type induction motors.
UNIT - I
MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS (3)
UNIT - II
2.1. Maxwell's Equations
Electrodynamics before Maxwell, Fixing of Ampere's Law, Maxwell Equation in matter, Boundary Conditions.2.2. Poynting theorem and conservation laws
Continuity Equation, Poynting Theorem, Conservation Law Newton Third law in Electrodynamics2.3 Wave equation
Wave equation, wave form Boundary conditions, Reflection and Transmission for a string2.4. Electro Magnetic Waves in vacuum
Wave equation for E and B, Monochromatic Plane Waves, Energy and Momentum in EM Waves in vacuum2.5. Electro Magnetic waves in Matter
Propagation in Linear Media, Reflection and Transmission at Normal Incidence Oblique Incidence2.6. EM wave in conducting surface.
Reference Books :
1. Electrodyamics by David j.Griffiths
UNIT - III
3.1. Interference by division of wave front (Biprism)
Introduction , Interference of Light Waves, Interference Pattern , Intensity Distribution,Fresnel Biprism3.2 Interference by division of amplitude (Newton's rings)
Interference by Plane parallel Wave, Cosine Law, Interference by a film with Non-Parallel reflecting surface, Wedge, Newton's Rings.3.3. Michelson's interferometer
Interference by Plane film illuminated by a point source, Michelson's Interferometer.3.4 Fraunhoffer diffration (Single slit)
Introduction, Types of Diffraction,Single Slit Frauhoffer Diffraction, Position of Maxima and Minima,Graphical Method for determining roots3.5. Frauhoffer diffraction Double slit & multiple slits
Double slit Fraunhoffer diffraction by N- Parallel slits3.6. Diffraction Gratings, Grating and Resolving Power
Diffraction Grating, Construction of Grating, Grating Spectrum, Resolution, Resolving Power of a diffraction Grating3.7. Fresnel diffraction and Zone Plate
Types of Diffraction, Fresnel diffraction, Fresnel Half Period zones, Zone plate Application of Zone, Lens3.8. Production of Plane Polarised light & double refraction
Introduction , Polarisation of Light waves, Representation of various types of light,Polarization by Reflection,Brewster's Law, Laws of Malus and proof, Geometry of Calcite Crystal, Double Refraction, Nicol\92s Prism, Applications.3.9. Quarter & Half \96 wave plate, elliptical & circular polarized lights
Huygen's Theory of Double Refraction, Quarter Wave plate, Half Wave Plate, Elliptically and Circularly Polarised light.3.10 Production & detection of elliptical & circular Polarised lights
Elliptically polarised Light, Circularly polarised light, Conversion of Elliptically polarized light to Circularly polarised light, Analysis of polarized light of Different Kinds.3.11 Theory of Laser
Introduction, Spontaneous Emission, Stimulated Emission, Relation between Spontaneous and Stimulated emission Probabilities, Population Inversion, Pumping, Active systems.3.12 Different kinds of Lasers
Ruby laser Working Semiconductor laser,He-Ne laser ,Application of Laser.Reference Books :
1. Engineering Physics By Malik and Singh
2. Optics by Ajoy Ghatak
3. Optics by Pedrotti and Pedrotti.
UNIT - IV
QUANTUM MECHANICS (6)
4.1 Failures of classical physics
Limitations of classical physics, Blackbody Radiation, Spectral Lines, Photoelectric Effect, Planck's Quantum Hypothesis, Einstein's Theory of photoelectric Effect, Compton effect, Existence of stationary states, Stern-Gerlach Experiment4.2 DeBroglie waves & Uncertainity Principle
Introduction, Matter waves Electron Diffraction Experiment Standing waves of an electron in orbit, Uncertainity Principle Single Slit Experiment, Application of Uncertainty Principle.4.3 Wave function, Schrodinger Equation & probablity interpretation
Time Dependent Schrodinger Equation ,1- D Equation for a free particle, extension to 2-D, Inclusion of forces, Probability current Density4.4 Operators , expectation values & Time independent Schrodinger Equation
Operators ,Expectation Value, Ehrenfest Theorem, time independent schrodinger Equation and Admissibility Conditions on Wave function.4.5 Solution for generalised potential
Motion of a particle in a Potential \96 Classical view .4.6 Particle in a box
Square well potential with Rigid walls, Energies and Wave functionsReference Books:
1. Modern Physics by A. Beiser
2. Quantum Mechanics by Aruldhas.
UNIT - V
CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS (6)
Introduction, Crystal ,Single, poly and Amorphous state, Lattice Points and Space Lattice, Unit cell, Primitive Unit Cell in 2-D ,Non-primitive Unit Cell in 2-D lattice ,Primitive unit cell in 3-D ,Non Primitive unit cell in 3-D,Bravais Lattice and crystal systems, Atomic Packing, Crystal structure5.2. Crystallography-II
Miller Indices, Positions, Directions, Planes Obtaining Miller indices, Important Cubic crystal structures, SC, BCC, FCC, Closed Packed structures, Packing fraction, NaCl Structure, Diamond , ZnS Structure.5.3. X-ray diffraction
Introduction, Bragg's Law, Diffraction Direction Experimental Methods of x-Ray Diffraction, Powder method Debye - Scherrer Method Measurement of Bragg Angle5.4. Defects in crystals
Introduction, Classification of Imperfections, Point Defects, vacancies, Schottky defects, Intersitial, Frenkel defects, Impurities, Colour centres, Line defect Planar Defects, Volume Defects, Thermodynamical consideration for Existence of Defect equilibrium concentration of Schottky defects in metals, Equilibrium concentration of schottky defects in Ionic crystals, Frenkel defect in metals, Frenkel defects in ionic crystals5.5. Electron theory of metals
Important properties of metals, electron theory of solids, classical free elecrtron theory, DC Electrical Conductivity, Gains of Drude Model, Sommerfeld quantum Model, Fermi Energy, Density of Energy States, carrier Concentration, Drawbacks of Sommerfeld Theroy5.6. Band theory of solids
Introduction, Formation of Energy Bands in Crystals, Characteristics, Bonding, Classification, Intrinsic and Extrinsic Semiconductors, Band structure, Energy Bands, Fermi Level and Fermi Energy, Carrier Concentration, Density of electrons in Conduction band, Position of Fermi level, Hall Effect, ApplicationsReference Books:
1. Solid state Physics by Dekker
2. Solid state Physics By C.Kittel
Subject Code: MA1101
Sequence: Definition of sequence, convergence, limit of a sequence, divergence, oscillation, bounded and monotonic sequences, Bounded sequences, Sandwich theorem, Algebra of limits, L'Hospital Rule in sequences, subsequences and its limit.
Series: Infinite series, partial sum, convergence, divergence, oscillation, Geometric series, Telescoping series, Algebra of Limits,nth term test, Comparison test, Comparison test (Limit Form), Integral test, D'Alembert's Ratio test, Cauchy's Root test, Alternating series, Leibnitz's Rule, Absolute convergence, Conditional convergence, Power series, Radius of convergence for a power series.
Differential calculus: Rolle's theorem, Lagrange's mean value theorem, Cauchy's Mean-value theorem, Taylor's Theorem and Expansion, Maclaurin's Theorem and Expansion, Indeterminate forms and application of L'Hospital Rule. Radius of curvature, Envelope, Increasing and decreasing functions, concavity, convexity and point of inflexion, Asymptotes-Curve Tracing(Sketching)
Functions of Several Variable Calculus:
Definition of continuity and differentiability in single variable, n-dimensional Euclidean space, Neighborhood of a point in n-dimensional Euclidean space, Functions in n-variables, Functions in 2 & 3 variables, Interior points, Boundary points, open and closed regions, Limit and continuity, Two-path test, Discontinuities, Partial Differentiation, Clairaut's theorem(for mixed Partial Derivatives), Laplace equation, Homogeneous functions , Euler's theorem for Homogeneous functions, Differentials and derivatives, Derivatives of composite functions, Chain Rule, Jacobians, Taylor's Theorem, Maxima and minima, Lagrange's method of multipliers.
Definition of Fourier Series, Fourier Series representation of function, Limit of Convergence of Fourier Series, Even & Odd functions, Gibb's Phenomenon, Sine and Cosine Series, Limit of Convergence of Sine & Cosine Series. Integration and Differentiation of Fourier Series, Bessel's Inequalities, Parseval's Theorem.
Introduction: True value, Approximate Value, Error, Error percentage, Application of Numerical Analysis in various fields.
Numerical Analysis in solving Algebraic equations: Algebraic equations, Transcendental equations, Bisection Method, Regula -Falsi Method, Newton-Raphson Method.
Numerical Integration: Trapezoidal Rule, Simpson 1/3 Rule, Simpson 3/8 Rule
1. Thomas Calculus, Maurice D.Wier, Joel Hass Eleventh Edition, Pearson Education ,2008
2. R.K. Jain & S.R.K.Iyengar, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Third Edition, Narosa publications, 2007.
3. Erwin Kreyszig, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 8th Edition, John Wiley & Sons Ltd 2006.
1. B.S. Grewal and J.S. Grewal, "Higher Engineering Mathematics",(40th Edition), Khanna Publishers,2007
2. S.S. Sastry ,Introductory Methods of Numerical Analysis ,Third Edition, Prentice Hall India
Programming in C
Programming in C
This course starts from the basics of computers and program development
UNIT - I
Introduction to Computer Programming: Computing Environments, Computer Languages, Creating and Running Programs. Algorithms and Flow charts : Definition of Algorithms, examples, Symbols used in Flow chart, examples. Introduction to C Language - Background, C Identifiers, Data Types, Operators, Variables, Constants, Input / Output, Expressions, C Programs, Precedence and Associativity, Evaluating Expressions, Type Conversion, Statements, Bitwise Operators.
Selection: Logical Data and Operators, if-else, switch Statements, Standard Functions. Repetition: loops, while, for, do-while statements, Loop examples, break, continue, go to. Arrays - Concepts, Using Arrays in C, Array Applications, Two- Dimensional Arrays, Multidimensional Arrays, Linear and Binary Search, Selection, Bubble, Insertion Sorts.
UNIT - III
Functions: Designing Structured Programs, Functions Basics, User Defined Functions, Inter Function Communication, Standard Functions, Scope, Storage Classes-auto, Register, Static, Extern, Scope Rules, and Type Qualifiers. Recursion- Recursive Functions, Preprocessor Commands. Strings - Concepts, C Strings, String Input / Output Functions, Arrays of Strings, String Manipulation Functions.
UNIT - IV
Pointers - Introduction, Pointers to Pointers, Compatibility, void Pointers, Arrays and Pointers, Pointer constants, Pointers and Strings, Pointers to Functions, Point ers to Constant Objects, Constant Pointers, Pointer Arithmetic.Call-by-reference: Pointers for Inter-Function Communication, Passing Arrays to a Function.Dynamic Memory Allocation: Memory Allocation Functions, Programming Applications, Command-line Arguments.
UNIT - V
The Type Definition (type def), Enumerated Types Structure: Definition and Initialization of Structures, Accessing Structures, Nested Structures, Arrays of Structures, Structures and Functions, Pointers to Structures, Self Referential Structures, Unions. Input and Output: Files, Streams, Standard library Input Output Functions, Character Input Output Functions.
Basics of Technical Communication - Introduction - Importance of Technical Communication (2hrs) - Visual Aids in Technical Communication - Tables - Graphs - Chart - Drawings and Diagrams - Photographs - Maps - Non-verbal Communication - Introduction - Kinesics - Proxemics - Chronemics - Correlating Verbal and Non-verbal Communication - Cross-cultural Variations - Significance of Understanding Culture
Speaking - JAM - Dialogue conversations - Telephonic Conversations and Etiquette - Telephonic Conversation Practice - Jokes - Proverbs - Quotes
Writing- Dialogue writing
Concepts and conventions: Importance of graphics in engineering applications - Use of drafting instruments - BIS conventions and specifications - Size, layout and folding of drawing sheets - Lettering and dimensioningUNIT-I
Plane curves and free hand sketching: Basic Geometrical constructions, Curves used in engineering practices: Conics - Construction of ellipse, parabola and hyperbola by eccentricity method - Construction of cycloid - construction of involutes of square and circle - Drawing of tangents and normal to the above curves, Scales: Construction of Diagonal and Vernier scales. Visualization concepts and Free Hand sketching: Visualization principles - Representation of three Dimensional objects - Layout of views- Free hand sketching of multiple views from pictorial views of objects
Projection of points, lines and plane surfaces: Orthographic projection- principles- Principal planes- First angle projection-projection of points. Projection of straight lines (only First angle projections) inclined to both the principal planes - Determination of true lengths and true inclinations by rotating line method and traces - Projection of planes (polygonal and circular surfaces) inclined to both the principal planes by rotating object method
Projection of solids: Projection of simple solids like prisms, pyramids, cylinder, cone and truncated solids when the axis is inclined to one of the principal planes by rotating object method and auxiliary plane method.
Projection of sectioned solids and development of surfaces: Sectioning of above solids in simple vertical position when the cutting plane is inclined to the one of the principal planes and perpendicular to the other - obtaining true shape of section. Development of lateral surfaces of simple and sectioned solids - Prisms, pyramids cylinders and cones. Development of lateral surfaces of solids with cut-outs and holes
Isometric and perspective projections: Principles of isometric projection - isometric scale -Isometric projections of simple solids and truncated solids - Prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones- combination of two solid objects in simple vertical positions and miscellaneous problems. Perspective projection of simple solids-Prisms, pyramids and cylinders by visual ray method.
Computer aided drafting (demonstration only)
Introduction to drafting packages and demonstration of their use.Suggested Readings:
The budding Engineer may turn out to be a technologist, scientist, entrepreneur, practitioner, consultant etc. There is a need to equip the engineer with the knowledge of common and newer engineering materials as well as shop practices to fabricate, manufacture or work with materials. Essentially he should know the labour involved, machinery or equipment necessary, time required to fabricate and also should be able to estimate the cost of the product or job work. Hence engineering work shop practice is included to introduce some common shop practices and on hand experience to appreciate the use of skill, tools, equipment and general practices to all the engineering students.1. TRADES FOR EXERCISES:
a. Carpentry shop-
Two joints (exercises) involving tenon and mortising, groove and tongue: Making middle lap T joint, cross lap joint, mortise and tenon T joint, Bridle T joint from out of 300 x 40 x 25 mm soft wood stock
b. Fitting shop-
Two joints (exercises) from: square joint, V joint, half round joint or dove tail joint out of 100 x 50 x 5 mm M.S. stock
c. Sheet metal shop-
Two jobs (exercises) from: Tray, cylinder, hopper or funnel from out of 22 or 20 guage G.I. sheet
Two jobs (exercises) from: wiring for ceiling rose and two lamps (bulbs) with independent switch controls with or without looping, wiring for stair case lamp, wiring for a water pump with single phase starter.
Preparation of two moulds (exercises): for a single pattern and a double pattern.
f. Welding -
Preparation of two welds (exercises): single V butt joint, lap joint, double V butt joint or T fillet joint
2. TRADES FOR DEMONSTRATION:
b. Machine Shop
c. Metal Cutting
Apart from the above the shop rooms should display charts, layouts, figures, circuits, hand tools, hand machines, models of jobs, materials with names such as different woods, wood faults, Plastics, steels, meters, gauges, equipment, CD or DVD displays, First aid, shop safety etc. (though they may not be used for the exercises but they give valuable information to the student). In the class work or in the examination knowledge of all shop practices may be stressed upon rather than skill acquired in making the job.
Engineering Physics Lab
Engineering Physics Lab
Programming in C-Lab
Programming in C-Lab
Suggested assignments to be conducted on a 3-hour slot. It will be conducted in tandem with the theory course so that the topics for problems given in the lab are already initiated in the theory class. The topics taught in the theory course should be appropriately sequenced for synchronization with the laboratory. A sample sequence of topics and lab classes for the topic are given below:
For the detailed list of programs refer the lab manual.
Note: Any experiment according to the syllabus of CS1101 can be substituted
|Total load and Credits||27|
Note: L = Lecture, T = Tutorial, P = Practical
Note : At Least one of the Breadth courses should be related to Environmental Science and Engineering.
Click here for List of Electives
Download Syllabus of Electrical Engineering